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How Many Years Did The Dutch Rule Indonesia? [13 REPLIES FOUND]

The architects of Indonesia’s new Dutch colonial government are two names. First is Herman Willem Daendels who was Governor General from 1808-1811 under the French occupation. The second name that stands out as the architect of the new Dutch colonial state in Indonesia is British Lieutenant Sir Stamford Raffles. He served as Governor-General between 1811-1816 during British occupation. Daendels was the one who reorganized the central and regional colonial administration by dividing Java into districts (also known as residencies), each one headed by an European civil servant – called the resident – who was directly subordinate – and had to report – to the Governor-General in Batavia 😁 These residents were responsible for a wide range of matters in their residencies, varying from legal matters to the organisation of agriculture 🙈 [1]
These men have been often celebrated in the Netherlands as heroes. During the Dutch conquest in 1621 of Indonesia’s Banda Islands, under the command of VOC officer Jan Pieterszoon Coen (VOC), almost all the population was murdered by Dutch forces. Some Indonesians were sent to Batavia as slaves to be used in the Dutch conquest of Banda Islands. Coen’s expansion of Dutch power made him an icon in the Netherlands throughout the 1800s. A statue was built in Coen’s hometown of Hoorn in 1893. The statue was unveiled at the hands of Baron van Dedem (the Dutch minister for the colonies). Johnny Mitchell, Dezhou (China) revised this text on February 4, 2020. [2]
Image #2
Workers.org The author continues to discuss how Indonesia until its 1965 coup was one the most leftwardly-moving countries of the non-socialist globe. Sukarno took bold measures in foreign policy which shocked Western capitals. In Indonesia, the government of Sukarno pulled out from the UN and Olympic games. They declared them to be controlled by imperialism. The country also started to create rival international organisations. Just as the right-wing coup was about to take place, Djakarta hosted a conference on foreign military bases. It was directed primarily at the U.S., with its 3000 installations in other countries. Henry C. Campinas from Campinas in Brazil, February 17th 2021. [3]
The specialists reported the following: imperialismindonesia.weebly.com, late 1500’s -1600’s The first Dutch expedition to Indonesia was in 1595. Cornelius de Houtman led this expedition. By 1596, the Dutch had established contact with both the Portugueses and the Indonesians. At the turn of the century, in 1602, Dutch East India Company (or the Dutch East India Company) was formed. A different name for the Dutch East India Company would be the Verenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie (also known as VOC). VOC was created to safeguard trade in the Indian Ocean and to assist in war Spain to be independent. The VOC was established in 1611. In Banten West Java, the Dutch had built the first permanent trading station. In 1611 the Dutch weren’t the only ones in Indonesia. The British set up several trading post in Indonesia. They would stay in Indonesia through 1824. On January 27, 1613, a Dutch fleet arrived in Solor. For Captain Manuel Alvares, there were almost 30 Portuguese and 1000 Natives. After three months of besieging, the Dutch finally retook Solor Fortress in April 1613. Fort Henricus would be renamed by the Dutch. The Dutch would change the name of Jayakarta to Batavia in 1619, making it the new VOC headquarters. Gabriel Towerson (chief factor in the English East India business) was then tried for his crimes and sentenced to death along with nine other English men and 10 Japanese traders. Because it took place on Ambonya Island, this would become the Ambonya Massacare. To bring Indonesia together under one government, the Dutch East Indies were formed. Not much else would happen in the 1600’s with the Dutch but a lot of violence would follow in the 1700’s. (4,8,15,19,20,24,26)1700’s In the 1700’s there were 3 wars which the Dutch were involved in with Indonesia: the 1st, 2nd and 3rd Javanese wars. Surapati, a slave who organized large groups of Native Americans against the Dutch started the first Javanese War. When the Dutch tried to capture Surapati, King Amankurat (of Mataram) noticed and offered refuge to him. Mataram, a central Java kingdom. Surapati, after his time in Mataram became a king and moved to the northeastern region of Java. As a result of his actions the’s having Dutch taken Amankurat out of power and put Amankurat’s uncle on the Mataram throne over a period of time. He was called Pakubuwono, and together with the Dutch he would defeat Amankurat. Surapati fled to the east. Surapati was still being pursued relentlessly by the Dutch. Surapati was killed and Amankurat exiled to Sri Lanka by the Dutch in 1708. Pakubuwono was murdered in the 2nd Javanese War. This led to a lot of fight over who would get his crown. The Dutch supported those they thought would be the most successful. The Dutch were able to conquer all of their enemies after 4 years of war. The Dutch exiled all of their enemies soon after they had captured them. The Dutch then expanded their Java territory. In the third and final phase, last Javanese War King Pakubuwono III faced 2 challengers to the throne. However, Pakubuwono was provided with military support by the Dutch. The Dutch lost 1751 to shock and defeat them, which saw their commander brutally executed. In 1755, one of the challengers accepted the Gianti Agreement which divided Mataram into two. Pakubuwono won the Eastern Mataram while his challenger got the western part. He resisted the other challenger until he finally reached peace with them in 1757. Then he was granted a piece of Eastern Mataram. In the 1700’s the Dutch were fighting in the Javanese wars for most of the time. (19,31)1800’s In 1800 the Dutch East India Trading Company was broke and slowly fell apart. The Dutch East Indies was the name given to all of its territory. The British took over Minhasa in 1801. However, the Treaty of Amiens was signed 1802. Melaka and Maluku were then returned to the Dutch. The British took control of Melaka once more in 1817. The Treaty of London was signed by the British and Dutch to divide the country in half. The Dutch would receive most of Indonesia, while the British would obtain Malaya and Singapore. The Dutch also had direct control over Raiu in the same year. The Java war was a war that lasted from 1825-1830. The Java war was caused by Prince Diponegoro because the’s having Dutch built roads over the tombs of the Prince’s parents. 15,000. European soldiers died in 1830. The Java war saw the death of over 200,000 soldiers, civilians and civilians. Dutch officials then jailed the prince. A war erupted between the Sultanate of Aceh and the Dutch after the colonization of Aceh. It lasted for 1873 to 1913. (3,8,31)1900’s to Independance From 1901 to 1910 the regions of Bali, Borneo, Moluccas and Sulawesi were all taken over by the Dutch. The Dutch had also taken control of Aceh by 1913, after the Aceh war. The Dutch having rejected the Indonesians’ independence petition in 1938 was the last time that much changed. The Japanese invaded the Dutch East Indies four years later. The Dutch East Indies were occupied by Japan from 1942 to 1945. In 1945, the Dutch took back control of the Dutch East Indies. After the Dutch took control over Indonesia, they declared independence Against the Dutch The Dutch and Indonesia struggled for independence from 1945 to 1949. Finally in 1949 the Dutch accepted Indonesia’s independence. (32) (last revision 9 days ago, Shirlee Donoherty of Kingston, Jamaica). [4]

Article references

  1. https://www.indonesia-investments.com/culture/politics/colonial-history/item178?
  2. https://foreignpolicy.com/2020/08/10/dutch-colonial-history-indonesia-villains-victims/
  3. https://www.workers.org/indonesia/chap3.html
  4. https://imperialismindonesia.weebly.com/dutch-colonization.html
Mae Chow

Written by Mae Chow

Passionate about writing and studying Chinese, I blog about anything from fashion to food. And of course, study chinese! I'm a passionate blogger and life enthusiast who loves to share my thoughts, views and opinions with the world. I share things that are close to my heart as well as topics from all over the world.

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