Feet are the foundation of our bodies and play an important part of a happy, healthy lifestyle 😁 The foot is a complex structure that consists of 26 bones, 33 joints, and over 100 muscles, tendons, and ligaments 🤓 Its unique design allows the foot to handle hundreds of tons of force every day. The average adult takes 4,000 to 6,000 steps per day. That’s enough steps to walk around the earth four times during your life. When you consider the weight and stress we place on our feet each day, it’s easy to see how approximately 80% of people will experience a foot related problem at some point during their life.
The large Achilles tendon is the most important tendon for walking, running, and jumping. It attaches the calf muscles to the heel bone to allow us to rise up on our toes. The posterior tibial tendon attaches one of the smaller muscles of the calf to the underside of the foot. This tendon helps support the arch and allows us to turn the foot inward. The toes have tendons attached on the bottom that bend the toes down and attached on the top of the toes that straighten the toes. The anterior tibial tendon allows us to raise the foot. Two tendons run behind the outer bump of the ankle (lateral malleolus) and attach to the outside edge of the foot. These two tendons help turn the foot outward. (edited by Louis Rivera from Jinjiang, China on November 6, 2021)
As stated by the analysts from orthopaedia.com, a solid understanding of anatomy is essential to effectively diagnose and treat patients with foot and ankle problems. Anatomy is a road map. Most structures in the foot are fairly superficial and can be easily palpated. Anatomical structures (tendons, bones, joints, etc) tend to hurt exactly where they are injured or inflamed. Therefore a basic understanding of surface anatomy allows the clinician to quickly establish the diagnosis or at least narrow the differential diagnosis. For those conditions that require surgery a detailed understanding of anatomy is critical to ensure that the procedure is performed efficiently and without injuring any important structures. With a good grasp of foot anatomy it readily becomes apparent which surgical approaches can be used to access various areas of the foot and ankle. (revised by Justa Burrell on September 10, 2020)
Tyesha McCauley from pressbooks.bccampus.ca, describes how the foot is an incredibly complex mechanism. Each foot contains 26 bones, 33 joints, and more than a hundred muscles, tendons, and ligaments. These parts work harmoniously to get you from one place to the next. They do it all while handling hundreds of tons of force – your weight in motion – every single day. They are truly amazing structures, however, the stress of carrying you around creates a lot of wear in tear which, in turn, puts your feet at a higher risk of injury than any other part of your body. In this section, we will discuss the muscles, bones, ligaments, tendons and clinical conditions of the foot. (last modified 65 days ago by Deljuan Orellana from Malatya, Turkey)