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What Are The Three Types Of Printmaking? (TOP ANSWER)

While the woodcut technique first became popular for its practical uses, such as printing books and decorating textiles, it had eventually become an art form of its own 🤓 Woodcuts are a subset of relief printmaking—where you carve out negative space from a surface, leaving only the lines and shapes that you want to appear in the print 👍 For example, an artist making a woodcut will carve into the surface of a piece of wood, then coat the remaining surface with ink. Next, they’ll typically place the inked surface on a piece of paper, and finally, they’ll create their print by placing pressure on the back of their block––with a roller, printing press, or other tool––to transfer the ink onto the page. [1]
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The number of applications of working in handmade paper is diverse. Pigmented paper pulp, coined pulp paint in the papermaking world, can be poured into openings in mylar stencils (on top of a wet base sheet substrate), building up one wet layer on top of another. In another technique entitled a “blow out”, images can be masked out directly on the papermaking mould and retain a silhouette directly in paper pulp. Watermarking is an application that can be used within the sheet of paper to create an image that is visible when light is shown through the paper. Once an image is created, the entire sheet with layer upon layer of pigmented pulp slowly goes through a hydraulic press, forcing the water to escape and allowing the fibers to form hydrogen bonds, which hold all layers of fibers together. [3]
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Based on an article from barcodesinc.com, while most types of artwork are known for being single pieces that can never be replicated in exact detail, printmaking is a type of art that utilizes the ability to create multiple copies of a piece of art. The emphasis is on the design, not the variety of surfaces that it is applied to. Typically, printmaking uses a some kind of ink or paint to make the design on a surface whether it be paper, cloth, or another medium. Printmaking can be divided into four basic categories: relief, intaglio, planographic, and stencil. Relief printmaking is one of the simplest types of printmaking, in which material is carved or taken away from around the protruding design that is to be printed so that only the design appears. Intaglio printmaking is the reverse of relief printmaking, in that the design is carved in a way to hold the ink, and then printed that way. Planographic is unlike the last two in which the design is printed from a flat surface. Stenciling involves cutting the design out of a thin material and then printing the design by rubbing or spraying paint around the areas that are cut out. [4]
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Often the first three or four prints of are different than the rest of the edition. These first prints are called artist’s proofs. The number of prints pulled from one plate is called an edition. Once a certain number of prints are pulled, the plate is destroyed so that more prints won’t be printed later, thus ensuring the value of the edition. At the bottom of a print are two to three things always written in pencil. On the had left is a number that appears as a fraction (e.g. 6/25), this means that the print is number six of a total of twenty five prints pulled from one plate. This number excludes the artist proofs which are designated with an A/P. In the centre of the bottom of the print is the title (if any). At the bottom right, is the artist’s name and sometimes a date. (last emended 2 days ago by Alvis Butts from Taicang, China) [5]

Article References

  1. https://www.artsy.net/article/editorial-nine-types-of-printmaking-you-need-to
  2. https://www.digitalprinting.co.uk/blog/different-types-printing/
  3. https://paceprints.com/techniques
  4. https://www.barcodesinc.com/articles/fine-art-techniques-printmaking-basics.htm
  5. https://kinderart.com/art-lessons/printmaking/what-is-printmaking/
Mae Chow

Written by Mae Chow

Passionate about writing and studying Chinese, I blog about anything from fashion to food. And of course, study chinese! I'm a passionate blogger and life enthusiast who loves to share my thoughts, views and opinions with the world. I share things that are close to my heart as well as topics from all over the world.

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