Self-treating can be an option. “With the no-big-deal scenario of a change in feed—say, from grass hay to alfalfa—the horse may have loose stools (aka ‘cow plop’) but will still feel well,” says Heidmann. “But if it continues for 24 hours or more or if the horse is sick, we start to worry they’re losing water, protein, and electrolytes in their manure. Supportive care (your veterinarian administering IV fluids to rehydrate the horse, balancing electrolytes, giving plasma to replace protein lost through lack of absorption, and adjusting pH) can replace those things 😁 And there are ways, even over the phone at 24 hours, that your veterinarian can say, ‘Okay, I’m thinking we’re safe to wait a day,’ or, ‘No, we really need to pull bloodwork now to see what’s going on 😉’ ”
A smectite-based toxin binder may also be useful in horses who have loose stool. Smectite can be found in several forms, including sodium alumininosilicate (zeolite) and zeolite. These chemicals have molecular structures that are ionic and attract pathogenic bacteria. These compounds can be expelled before they are able to cause damage. Mycotoxins are found in the feed of horses and may cause digestive problems such as diarrhoea. Smectite Clays can also be used to bind them. Studies have shown that horse diarrhoea can be reduced by using smectite-clays. Mycotoxins have been reduced by hydrolyzed yeasts, which could also be another method of reducing loose manure. Last revised by Velvet Arndt, Novokuznetsk (Russia)
To understand the possible causes of chronic diarrhea in horses suffering from chronic diarrhoea we need to first review the following: digestive system The digestive process that occurs in the stomach of horses is also important. Horse are defined as “non-ruminant herbivores” and “hindgut fermenters.” Ruminants (sheep, goats and cows) are herbivores as well, but the forage they eat is largely digested through fermentation by a group of beneficial microbes that live in the first “stomach” called the rumen. Ruminants have a rumen in their foregut. This means that the animal’s forages go through the fermentation of the rumen before reaching the stomach or enzymatic digestion. Kayde Schumacher modified this text on November 3, 2020
Diarrhea could be caused by a minor digestive problem, such as a change in diet. It is not likely to cause any other serious illness. If the horse is suffering from an intestinal parasitism, infection or another significant metabolic or gastrointestinal abnormality, he may require veterinary care. Diarrhoea can lead to colic in horses, as well as increased thirst and depression. Weight lossDehydration and poor vision can cause dehydration, pot belly syndrome, poor hair growth, and dull eyes. Cyathostomiasis can be caused by small strongyle worms. Some cancers and other causes of protein losses may cause edema. This is characterized as filling the ventral chest, lower legs, abdomen, or ventral chest.
“Chronic” refers to a condition that persists over a long period of time. Some experts define diarrhoea as persistent, frequent and loose stool lasting at most 7 days. For others, the cutoff point is 2 weeks. While some consider 1 month the threshold for chronic diarrhoea. Many horses who have chronic diarrhoea can remain happy and well hydrated, regardless of the reason. That is, the prolonged watery, soft stool does not affect the horse’s weight, energy, or overall health and just causes the hind legs, tail, and environment to be constantly soiled. For others, diarrhoea may lead to a horse becoming sicker over time. A vet is needed. We are grateful to Nikole Adamson who brought this up.