[RESOLVED] What Caused The Caste War?

The greatest success of the Maya revolt was reached in the spring of 1848, with the Europeans driven from most of the peninsula other than the walled cities of Campeche and Mrida, with Yucatecan troops holding the road from Mrida to the port of Sisal ๐Ÿ˜Ž The Yucatecan governor Miguel Barbachano had prepared a decree for the evacuation of Mrida, but was apparently delayed in publishing it by the lack of suitable paper in the besieged capital ๐Ÿ‘ The’s having decree become unnecessary when the republican troops suddenly broke the siege and took the offensive with major advances ๐Ÿ˜Š The majority of the Maya troops, not realizing the unique strategic advantage of their situation, had left the lines to plant their crops, planning to return after planting. [1]
The rash of agrarian revolts and caste wars that erupted in several key Mexican regions in the aftermath of independence points up both the disintegration of the imperial central state and the political and economic disenfranchisement of Indian minorities during the early national period. In Yucatรกn, hostilities broke out on the state’s southeastern frontier of commercial sugar expansion. Here the Maya peasantry bitterly resented increased taxation, the loss of their milpa (maize lands), and debt peonage and physical abuse on the sugar plantations. Also, the Church caused widespread resentment among the Maya. Although priests lost power after independence, according to some scholars they remained owners of large properties and used their position to repress Native American communities. But unlike their more domesticated counterparts in the older northwestern zone of corn-and-cattle haciendas, the frontier Maya still had the cultural capacity and the mobility to resist white domination. When a series of petty disputes between elite political factions expediently put guns into Indian hands, the frontier Maya turned these guns on the white leaders. (we appreciate Brandolyn Chance from Ryazan, Russia for their observation). [2]
Image #2
For the Spanish to maintain their control over the indigenous people of Yucatan, they’re have having to devise ways to split the Mayan population and prevent them from uniting with each other. This painting by Marcelo Jimenez depicts a member of the Mayan hidalgo (nobility) presenting his captured brother before the Spanish landowner to be punished for trying to escape. The Spanish favoured the Mayan hidalgos through granting them extra rights and privileges, and therefore won over an influential section of Mayan society. The hidalgos could then be used to control the other Maya who, through birthright, were lower down the Maya heirachy and therefore respectful to the hidalgos (indirectly the Spanish!). (we give thanks to Feather Chester from Ndola, Zambia for pointing this out to us). [3]
Image #3
For the Spanish to maintain their control over the indigenous people of Yucatan, they’re have having to devise ways to split the Mayan population and prevent them from uniting with each other. This painting by Marcelo Jimenez depicts a member of the Mayan hidalgo (nobility) presenting his captured brother before the Spanish landowner to be punished for trying to escape. The Spanish favoured the Mayan hidalgos through granting them extra rights and privileges, and therefore won over an influential section of Mayan society. The hidalgos could then be used to control the other Maya who, through birthright, were lower down the Maya heirachy and therefore respectful to the hidalgos (indirectly the Spanish!). (emended by Roger Hall from Taixing, China on June 2, 2020) [4]
Image #4

Article References

  1. https://ambergriscaye.com/pages/mayan/castewar.html
  2. https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/caste-war-yucatan
  3. https://www.northernbelize.com/hist_caste.html
  4. http://www.northernbelize.com/hist_caste.html
Kelly-Anne Kidston

Written by Kelly-Anne Kidston

I am a writer of many words, from fiction to poetry to reviews. I am an avid reader and a lover of good books. I am currently writing my first novel and would love to find some beta readers who are interested in getting an early look.

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