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[Solved] What Country Has The Highest Rate Of Esophageal Cancer?

HDI refers to the country’s position in relation to three aspects of development. It is a combination of knowledge, longevity and standard-of-living. Life expectancy at birth is used to measure longevity. Knowledge with years of potential education and standard of life with GPD per person or income are also considered. HDI can be described as a number that is between zero and one. According to HDI, countries in the world are divided into four categories, as follows: Countries with very high HDI (HDI ≥0.9), countries with a high HDI (HDI ≥0.8), middle HDI countries (0.8> HDI >0.5), and countries with a low HDI (HDI ≤0.5). UNDP introduced the index as a way to measure countries’ human dimensions in 1990. HDI averaged 0.682 from Arabic countries, 0.703 for East Asia and Pacific, and 0.588 for South Asia. In 2013, the mean index for some Asian countries was lower than that of the global average (0.702).😁 [1]
There were 455,784 new cases of oesophageal and other cancers in 2012. Underdeveloped countries were home to 81% of the reported incident cases, and 82% for all deaths. Rates of incidence and mortality were greater in relatively less resourced regions than less deprived countries by 1·5 to 1·7-fold in men, and by 3·4 to 4-fold in women. Globally, incidence rates varied 20 times. Among male, the highest rates of incidence were reported in Eastern Asia (with ASR = 16·9 per 100,000), Southern Africa (13·7), Eastern Africa (11·9) and Northern Europe (8·1), and the lowest in Western Africa (0·8), Central America (1·7), Northern Africa (2·4) and Western Asia (2·9) (Table 1). In female individuals, the greatest rates were reported in middle Africa (ASR per 10,000 = 7·8), Western Africa (6·7), Eastern Asia (5·4) and Eastern Africa (4·2), while the lowest in Micronesia/Polynesia (0·2), Southern Europe (0·6), Central America (0·6) and South-Eastern Asia (1·0). These results are shown in Table 2. Table 2. (Modified by Larry N. from Villavicencio in Colombia, October 21, 2020). [2]
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Further reading is available at worldgastroenterology.orgOne of the most striking characteristics of EC worldwide is its large geographical variation in incidence. Reports have shown 10-fold variances over distances less than 100 kilometers. Two geographic areas are home to high-risk individuals worldwide. One is in central Asia, from the Caspian Sea north to north China and one runs from east to southern Africa. Some areas of these regions have seen an increase in the age-adjusted rate for cases exceeding 100 per 100,000 people/year. In southern regions, there are intermediate-risk populations South America (in northern France and southern Brazil), Uruguay, Paraguay, Paraguay and Paraguay. The majority of the globe is low-risk with an incidence rate below 10/100,000. In the SEER cancer registries in the US, the age-adjusted incidence of EC/100,000/year in 2002 – 2006 was 7.9 in white males, 1.9 in white females, 9.3 in black males, and 3.0 in black females 5. The male-to-female ratio in low risk countries such as the US is typically around 3-4:1. However, it can be lower for high-risk populations or fall below 1:4. [3]
The relationship between publications output and research and development spending in the country is shown. US-Dollars (R&D), respectively the countries’ epidemiological burdens (OECD countries), differences regarding the adequacy of individual research endeavours reveals. For the linear regression of the numbers of articles and the R&D expenditures a coefficient of determination (r2) = 0.79 can be calculated. The correlation is strongly significant (Spearman p  (we give thanks to Dallan Herrington from Yongkang, China for their revision). [4]
Worldatlas.com He also explains that the Malawian rate for oesophageal carcinoma is 24.2 cases per 100,000 people. Malawi is still a developing country with low rates of education, particularly in rural areas. Most patients visit traditional healers in their villages to receive treatment. Malawi has a high HIV/AIDS rate. affect the immune system Cancer is more common in those who are ill than others. Another factor is poverty, which results in citizens not being able to get proper nutrition and medication. Consuming alcohol that is brewed locally can also be detrimental. digestive systems Patients. In Malawi, smoking is only a small contributor to cases. The disease is now more common in Malawi because of inadequate health care. [5]

Article references

  1. https://atm.amegroups.com/article/view/8958/9619
  2. https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-018-19819-8
  3. https://www.worldgastroenterology.org/publications/e-wgn/e-wgn-expert-point-of-view-articles-collection/geographical-variation-in-esophageal-cancer
  4. https://translational-medicine.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12967-019-1902-7
  5. https://www.worldatlas.com/articles/countries-with-the-highest-rates-of-oesophageal-cancer.html
Mae Chow

Written by Mae Chow

Passionate about writing and studying Chinese, I blog about anything from fashion to food. And of course, study chinese! I'm a passionate blogger and life enthusiast who loves to share my thoughts, views and opinions with the world. I share things that are close to my heart as well as topics from all over the world.

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