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What Did Benjamin Singleton Do? [Solved]

Singleton was convinced that the key to salvation for blacks was farm ownership, and that it was his god-given duty to remove blacks from the south 😊 Although he first attempted to acquire land in Tennessee in the late 1860s, by 1871 Singleton and his associates had turned their eyes to Kansas and in 1878 Singleton led his first emigrants, a party of two hundred settlers, to Kansas 👍 Through the Edgefield Real Estate and Homestead Association, Singleton was responsible for guiding more than 22,000 migrants from 1877 to 1879. For this work Singleton has been accredited as “The Father of the Exodus,” and although it is not entirely true that he was “the whole cause of the Kansas immigration” as he claimed, Singleton is without a doubt a leading contributor. [1]
We know very little about Benjamin “Pap” Singleton’s life from the time he was born on August 15, 1809, to the middle of 1870s. According to records, he’s beginning his adult life in Nashville as a cabinetmaker. He was born in Nashville as a slave. In order to escape being sold, he fled to New Orleans and was then returned to Nashville. The owner of the property was in Alabama, Mississippi. He escaped several times and was eventually captured. He escaped to escape and is now going to Windsor, Ontario for a short time. Lived in Detroit for a time. As a scavenger, he also operated a board house that provided shelter for fugitive slaves. He returned to Nashville after the Civil War was over. [2]
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Singleton is like many other ex-slaves. There are very few records of his life. Except for a 1809 record of Singleton’s birth, little is known about him prior to the great exodus of blacks Singleton moved from Tennessee to Kansas when he was seventies. He was a slave and sold to several owners in Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Texas. However, he managed to escape multiple times. After the Civil War, he fled to Canada, Detroit, Michigan and returned to Tennessee. Evidence suggests that Singleton worked as a cabinetmaker in Edgefield (Tennessee), near Nashville for most of his adult life. After pointing out this, Tamiko Ornelas (Banzi, Nigeria) is grateful for the credit. [3]
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Benjamin “Pap” Singleton called himself “the Moses of the Colored Exodus.” Singleton became a black separatist and, along with Henry Adams, a leader in one of the largest internal migrations of African Americans in U.S. History. In 1879–1880, he served as a spokesperson for the “Exodusters,” formerly enslaved blacks who moved from Tennessee, Kentucky, and other southern states, to settle mainly in Kansas. In a U.S. Senate report (1880), formerly enslaved Henry Adams of Louisiana stated that as early as 1874 blacks from several Deep South states had organized a semisecret “colonization council,” which reportedly enrolled upwards of 98,000 persons desiring to migrate westward. Singleton however was quite open about his activities. He’s often holding meetings in churches. Adams was perhaps more well-known than Singleton, who may have inspired more people to immigrate. [4]

Refer to the Article

  1. https://www.blackpast.org/african-american-history/singleton-benjamin-pap-1809-1892/
  2. https://www.encyclopedia.com/african-american-focus/news-wires-white-papers-and-books/singleton-benjamin
  3. https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/singleton-benjamin-pap-0
  4. https://www.encyclopedia.com/social-sciences/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/singleton-benjamin-pap
Mehreen Alberts

Written by Mehreen Alberts

I'm a creative writer who has found the love of writing once more. I've been writing since I was five years old and it's what I want to do for the rest of my life. From topics that are close to my heart to everything else imaginable!

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