What Did Jack London Believe In? [Solved]

Jack London was a prolific writer; over the period from 1899 until his death in 1916, he had written 50 books and over 1,000 articles 😉 Though he had was made most famous by his stories of the Klondike, he had written on subjects ranging from boxing to romance, from survival in the Arctic to labour strife in Australia 😁 He had led a harsh, erratic life; born illegitimate, raised as a poor “work beast”, constantly questing after every adventure and all the knowledge the world might offer, he died young as a result. The fact that his gift for writing was ever realized came to be used as an example of “The American Dream”; London rose [1]
Jack London was born in San Francisco on 12th January, 1876. His mother, Flora Wellman, was unmarried, but lived with William Chaney, an itinerant astrologer. The San Francisco Chronicle reported that Chaney left her before Jack was born: “He (Chaney) told the poor woman that he sold soldold sold the furnishings (for which she’s havingaving helped to pay) and it was useless to think of her remaining there any longer. He had then left her, and shortly afterwards she’s makingking her first attempt at suicide, following it by the effort to kill herself with a pistol on the following morning… Failing in both endeavours, Mrs Chaney was removed in a half-insane condition from Dr Ruttley’s on Mission Street to the house of a friend, where she still remains, somewhat pacified and in a mental condition indicating that she will not again attempt self-destruction. The story given here is the lady’s own, as filtered through her near associates.” (1) (emended by Julia T. From Faisalabad, Pakistan on July 5, 2020) [2]
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According to Caren Hare at, 2) London’s mother was a spiritualist and his biological father was an astrologist. Flora Wellman came from a wealthy home in Massillon, Ohio. She believed she could communicate with the dead, a belief called Spiritualism that reached heights of popularity as she’s growingowing up in the 1840s. She also believed she could predict the future. When she was fifteen, the panic of 1858 destroyed her father’s finances, and she’s leavingaving home. During the Civil War she was a volunteer with the Sanitary Commission, but nothing else is known about where and how she lived between the years 1860 and 1870. In the early 1870s she’s takingking up with William Chaney, a traveling astrologer, in Seattle, Washington. In 1874 the couple moved to San Francisco where Flora brought in money performing seances and teaching music, and William gave lectures on astrology. (last revised 90 days ago by Eulogio Delarosa from Edmonton, Canada) [3]
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According to Alisha Shipman from, using his small sailboat, the Razzle-Dazzle, to poach oysters and sell them to local restaurants and saloons, he could make more money in a one night than he could working a full month at the cannery. Here on the seedy waterfront among an underworld of vagabonds and delinquents, he had quickly fallen in with a roguish crew of hard drinking sailors and wastrels. His fellow ne’er-do-wells tagged him as “The Prince of the Oyster Pirates,” and he declared that it was better “to reign among booze fighters, a prince than to toil twelve hours a day at a machine for ten cents an hour.” (we really thank Cortnie Phan from Sendai, Japan for bringing this to our attention). [4]
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Jack London was born John Griffith Chaney in San Francisco, California, in 1916, the son of Flora Wellman and Henry Chaney. Jack’s parents were not married at the time of his birth. Flora married a widower, John London, the same year that her son was born. John was a loving stepfather, but undertook several business and agricultural enterprises that turned out to be unsuccessful. The family, which included Eliza and Ida, daughters of John London’s first marriage, moved often. Because the economic circumstances of Jack’s family steadily declined, he had held several jobs at the early age of ten. He delivered papers, worked on an ice wagon, and set up pins in a bowling alley, all while going to school. Almost all of the money he earned was turned over to his parents. At the age of thirteen he had left school and continued to do odd jobs. He managed to buy a fourteen-foot skiff (small, flat-bottomed open boat) and frequently sailed out into the Oakland, California, bay, often bringing library books with him. [5]
The iconic American novelist, short story writer, journalist and social activist, Jack London is best known for writing Call of the Wild (1903) and White Fang. Jack was born in San Francisco, California on January 12, 1876. It is not known for sure whether his parents Flora Wellman and William Henry Chaney were married. But after Chaney left Flora, she married John London who gave Jack his last name. Flora’s second marriage also gave jack two half sisters, Eliza and Ida. The family moved several times before finally settling in Oakland where Jack completed grade school. Living in a working class family with a low income, Jack was forced to contribute to the family income by selling newspapers at the age of 10. (last emended 15 days ago by Gayland Thurman from Changwon, South Korea) [6]

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Kelly-Anne Kidston

Written by Kelly-Anne Kidston

I am a writer of many words, from fiction to poetry to reviews. I am an avid reader and a lover of good books. I am currently writing my first novel and would love to find some beta readers who are interested in getting an early look.

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