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What Did Louis Joliet Discover? [SOLVED!]

In 1673, Joliet embarked on a privately-sponsored expedition with Jacques Marquette, a missionary and linguist, to be among the first Europeans to explore what was called by Native Americans the “Mesipi” river and ascertain where it had led to, with hopes of finding a passage to Asia 😎 After meeting in the Michilimackinac region, the men started their journey by canoe on May 17, 1673, to what would be known as the Mississippi River 🙌 A month later, they have come upon a native village in the Illinois area and were hosted by the tribe’s chief, who sent his son with the group as a guide along with a peace pipe for future safe passage. [1]
Joliet traveled to Canada to continue reporting on the expedition’s findings, while Marquette remained in Green Bay. Marquette was the first European to set up a mission among Illinois Native Americans in 1674. The cold weather caused Marquette and two of his companions to camp near Chicago. They became the first Europeans there. In the spring, Marquette reached the Native Americans he sought, but illness — dysentery he contracted while on his mission—forced him to return home. He died on May 18, 1675, en route to St. Ignace at the mouth of a river later named Père Marquette in his honourr. [2]
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Marquette joined him on the expedition to the Mississippi in 1672, when he was given a commission by New France’s governor. Their having party embarked on May 17, 1673 with two birchbark kayak canoes, from Michilimackinac in St. Ignace, Mich., for Green Bay. They continued up the Fox River in central Wisconsin, and then down the Wisconsin River to reach the Mississippi approximately a month later. They stopped along their journey to take notes, hunt and get information from Indians. In July, they reached the Quapaw Indian Village (40 miles northeast of Arkansas City, Ark.). At the Arkansas River’s mouth. From personal observations and from the friendly Quapaw Indians, they concluded that the Mississippi flowed south into the Gulf of Mexico—not, as they have had hoped, into the Pacific Ocean. They returned to their home through Green Bay and Illinois River in July. Their journey is described in Marquette’s journal, which has survived. We thank Teka Ackerman and Marquette for the latest revisions. [3]
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Wisconsinhistory.org This explains why Jolliet and marquette didn’t discover the Mississippi. It had been used by Indians for many thousands of years. The Spanish explorer Hernan de Soto had also crossed it over a century ago. It has been confirmed, however that you can travel all over the Great Lakes. way to the Gulf of Mexico by waterIt was discovered that native inhabitants who lived on the route were friendly and the land’s natural resources were exceptional. French officers led by LaSalle the explorer would use the information to build a network that stretches 4,000 miles of trading posts in an effort to continuously exploit these riches for the next century. We are grateful to Ashanta Sharma for bringing this information to our attention. [4]
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Channel Malloy says at historymuseum.caLouis Jolliet, then twenty-three, decided to follow the career that he wanted. A coureur des bois was his chosen career. He became a wood-runner or bush-loper to the English. On the ninth of October, 1668, he fitted himself out with trade goods from the merchant Charles Aubert de la Chesnaye: “two guns, two pistols, six packets of rassades , twenty-four axes, a gross of small bells, twelve ells of Iroquois-style cloth, ten ells of linens, forty pounds of tobacco…” The money to buy this merchandise had been lent to him by Monsignor Laval, Bishop of Quebec, and the had loan had been guaranteed the previous day by his mother. He had in fact bought these goods for Adrien Jolliet his brother. Hence Adrien is the “Jolliet” whom we hear of as being in the Great Lakes area during the ensuing months. [5]
Through contacts with Indians, this mysterious river was well known, even though it is not always clear. The “Southern Sea”, and long-awaited passage to China, were the hopes of the river. Jolliet was tasked with finding out into which body of water the Mississippi River had emptied. It was not funded by the government. The venture was expected to be profitablely funded, hopefully by private investors whose returns would be from the fur trade. Jolliet, following his directives, went to Michilimackinac, where he joined Father Jacques Marquette. Marquette had been given the order to accompany Jolliet. A portion of the expedition would continue to this settlement in order to trade furs. [6]

Refer to the Article

  1. https://www.biography.com/explorer/louis-joliet
  2. https://www.biography.com/religious-figure/jacques-marquette
  3. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Louis-Jolliet
  4. https://www.wisconsinhistory.org/Records/Article/CS520
  5. https://www.historymuseum.ca/virtual-museum-of-new-france/the-explorers/louis-jolliet-1673-1694/
  6. https://www.encyclopedia.com/people/history/explorers-travelers-and-conquerors-biographies/louis-jolliet
Kelly-Anne Kidston

Written by Kelly-Anne Kidston

I am a writer of many words, from fiction to poetry to reviews. I am an avid reader and a lover of good books. I am currently writing my first novel and would love to find some beta readers who are interested in getting an early look.

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