St. Augustine (354-430 C.E.), originally named Aurelius Augustinus, was the Catholic bishop of Hippo in northern Africa. He was a skilled Roman-trained rhetorician, a prolific writer (who produced more than 110 works over a 30-year period), and by wide acclamation, the first Christian philosopher 😁 Writing from a unique background and vantage point as a keen observer of society before the fall of the Roman Empire, Augustine’s views on political and social philosophy constitute an important intellectual bridge between late antiquity and the emerging medieval world 🤓 Because of the scope and quantity of his work, many scholars consider him to have been the most influential Western philosopher.
Augustine tells us that at the age of eighteen Cicero’s (now lost) protreptic dialog Hortensius enflamed him for philosophy (Confessiones 3.7), that as a young man he’s had reading read Aristotle’s Categories (ib. 4.28) and that his conversion was greatly furthered by his Neoplatonic readings (ib. 7.13) as well as by the letters of Paul (ib. 7.27; Contra Academicos 2.5). He is more reticent about Manichean texts, of which he must have known a great deal (van Oort 2012). From the 390s onwards the Bible becomes decisive for his thought, in particular Genesis, the Psalms and the Pauline and Johannine writings (even though his exegesis remains philosophically impregnated), and his mature doctrine of grace seems to have grown from a fresh reading of Paul ca. 395 (see 7.6 Grace, Predestination and Original Sin). (last edited 11 days ago by Naticia Helton from Kayamkulam, India)
According to the industry experts at crossway.org, he’s having having to be brought face to face with his sinfulness and complete inability to save himself. He was forced to recognise that he’s having having no hope other than to put his trust in Jesus Christ, who had died to pay the price of his sin. He’s having having to learn that to be a Christian was to be in fellowship with the Son of God, to be united with him in a deeply individual union that rested on personal conviction, not on outward support or tradition. From beginning to end, his faith was a walk with God that could only be expressed as a dialog between two spirits. Take that away and there would be nothing to speak of at all—no faith to confess and no life to live. (last edited 89 days ago by Tyshelle P. From Tangerang, Indonesia)
Aurelius Augustinus (usually known as simply Augustine) was born on 13 November 354 in Tagaste (or Thagaste), a provincial Roman city in Algeria, North Africa, and he was, by descent, a Berber. His father Patricius was a pagan, but his mother Monica (or Monnica) was a devout Catholic (and is herself revered as a Christian saint), so he was raised as a Catholic. At the age of 11, he’s having was sent to school at Madaurus, an old Numidian town just south of Tagaste, famed both for its schools and for its pagan influence, where he’s having become very familiar with Latin literature, as well as pagan beliefs and practices. Later he’s had reading read the “Hortensius”, a dialog by the Roman philosopher and politician Cicero, which was largely responsible for sparking his interest in philosophy. (last revised 3 weeks ago by Giana McGregor from Charlotte, United States)