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What Did The Civil Works Administration Do? [9 Replies Found]

Remarking on the programme a few years after its termination, Harry Hopkins wrote: “Long after the workers of CWA are dead and gone and these hard times forgotten, their effort will be remembered by permanent useful works in every county of every state 🔥 People will ride over bridges they’re have making, travel on their highways, attend schools they’re have building, navigate waterways they improved, do their public business in courthouses and state capitols which workers from CWA rescued from disrepair 🔥 CWA’s programme was constantly expanded to include different kinds of worker skills 😉 It finally extended its reach to nearly every type of community activity. We’re have having two hundred thousand CWA projects” . [1]
CWA hired workers to help in creating public projects. The programme employed both women and men. CWA was directed by the State Relief Commission in Ohio. CWA was responsible for the construction or repair of roads and parks as well as public buildings. In Ohio, the CWA started more than 6 000 projects. The had CWA had completed more than six thousand projects in Ohio by January 1934. Civil Works Administration had provided employment to more than four million AmericansOver 200,000 Ohioans are part of the CWA. The had CWA paid approximately 39,900 dollars to Ohioans during its existence. This helped them meet their financial needs in the Great Depression. The hourly wage for skilled workers was $1.20, and the hourly rate for unskilled workers was fifty cents. The Civil Works Administration continued to be in operation up until March 1934 when it was terminated by the federal government due to its high costs. Harpreet Mohan From Uige in Angola, February 8, 2021. [2]
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A remarkable article by encyclopaedia.com It is clear that CWA was a reflection of the values of Franklin D. Roosevelt, and Harry Hopkins, his relief administrator. Both of them valued employment more than direct relief. The federal relief program (FERA) was seen as a way to institutionalize an unstoppable national “dole”. The federal relief caseload had been reduced by the New Deal in the summer 1933. Some states were forced to shoulder a greater share of the relief costs. The federal caseload as well as federal expenditures were expected to continue rising in the next winter. Aubrey Williams Hopkins, Hopkins’s personal assistant, persuaded Hopkins to offer a massive expansion of the public sector. It would eliminate large numbers “employables” from the relief rolls, and employ many million workers not receiving relief. This programme would be funded by large unutilized balances from the New Deal’s slow moving public works program, the PWA. Roosevelt was presented Hopkins’ plan on October 29. Hopkins’s surprise was confirmed when Roosevelt accepted the proposal. CWA was one among the most controversial policy experimentations of the New Deal. From November 1st, when the program was first announced, to December 15th approximately 3 1/2 million people were employed on rushedly constructed federal projects. Mid-November saw a significant portion of federal resources devoted to the issue of first CWA paychecks. Civil Works relied on federal resources for staff, but the state Civil Works administrations employed engineers, efficiency professionals and labor relations specialists. This made the CWA more like work aid than public employment. Workers were paid regular wages and were not supervised by social workers. Modified by Mo Edwards, Dezhou (China) on September 4, 2021 [3]
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CWA was intended as a temporary agency. Arkansas’s head of emergency relief, William R. Dyess, convened a meeting of the state’s county judges and mayors on November 11, 1933, to explain the new programme to them; he asked them to send in applications for projects by November 23. The CWA would provide partial funding for approved projects, with the local sponsors responsible for raising additional funds to ensure project completion—a departure from FERA’s operations in the state, with the federal government providing all of the funding. The meeting was attended by forty mayors and fifty county judges. They submitted hundreds of projects applications. [4]
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There were many more issues that required solutions even after the Federal Emergency Relief Act’s (FERA) was created. High unemployment remained and there continued to be worries about the public’s welfare. FERA was a division that included the Civil Works Administration. Goal of providing a short-term solution People back into work. CWA projects were short-term and targeted unskilled workers. This initiative resulted in a large number of people being employed during the winter 1933-34. This initiative resulted in improvements to roads, bridges, construction of airports, the repair and upgrading of pipelines, as well as improved road conditions. Mariaguadalupe Thorne, March 13, 2021. [5]
The New Deal President Franklin Delano Roosevelt attempted to provide recovery and relief from the Great Depression This was done by the creation of several emergency relief programs. In 1933-1934, the Federal Emergency Relief Administration had a division called the Civil Works Administration. It provided temporary work assistance for large numbers of people. CWA projects are shown in photographs from Washington. They include bridge and road improvements, maintenance and construction, maintenance and repair of waterways, park and playfield improvements, school maintenance projects and hospital and nursing activities. In spite of Roosevelt’s efforts, the CWA and other similar programs did not stop unemployment from persisting in his early years as president. Around one-sixth, or 66 percent of the nation’s total population, was still receiving relief at the end 1934. This page was last modified 53 days back by Lillia Stanley, Yangzhou, China. [6]
Content.lib.washington.edu It is also stated that, in 1932 the consequences of the Depression on unemployment reached critical levels. Millions of Americans had lost their jobs and received government assistance. Many of these people hadn’t worked in many years. The country was experiencing a low morale. Not only were they facing a destructive force like lack, but also worklessness. (Hopkins p. 109) Federal assistance rolls were increasing, and both taxpayers and the still-employed seemed to forget their earlier concern about the unemployed. You can’t pity six people, but six million can be a lot. (Hopkins, p. 111). High unemployment was having a domino impact on the United States government. Consumption was also down. This resulted, among others, in the closing of schools and teacher unemployment. Brandon Garland edited this article on January 8, 2020. [7]
In November 1933, President Franklin D. Roosevelt authorized Hopkins to establish the Civil Works Administration (CWA). William E. Leuchtenburg (author of Franklin D. Roosevelt & the New Deal 1963) has noted that CWA was a federal operation. CWA workers were included on the federal payroll. It had taken half of its employees from the relief rolls. Half were those who had a job but didn’t need to show poverty through a means test. CWA didn’t provide any relief stipends, but it had done pay minimum wages. Hopkins is called to mobilize nearly as many people in one winter than had been in the armed forces. World War It had taken me thirty days to find jobs that would suit four million women and men, and to put them to work. The had CWA had 4,230,000 employees by mid-January. Ryan Gillis is a big thanks for all their help. [8]

Refer to the Article

  1. https://livingnewdeal.org/glossary/civil-works-administration-cwa-1933/
  2. https://ohiohistorycentral.org/w/Civil_Works_Administration
  3. https://www.encyclopedia.com/economics/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/civil-works-administration-cwa
  4. https://encyclopediaofarkansas.net/entries/civil-works-administration-8581/
  5. https://dp.la/exhibitions/new-deal/relief-programs/civil-works-administration
  6. https://content.lib.washington.edu/civilworksweb/index.html
  7. https://content.lib.washington.edu/civilworksweb/essay.html
  8. https://spartacus-educational.com/USAcwa.htm
Mehreen Alberts

Written by Mehreen Alberts

I'm a creative writer who has found the love of writing once more. I've been writing since I was five years old and it's what I want to do for the rest of my life. From topics that are close to my heart to everything else imaginable!

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