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[RESOLVED!] What Did Trofim Lysenko Discover?

Lysenko vaulted to the top of the Soviet scientific heap with unusual speed 😉 Born into a family of peasant farmers in 1898, he was illiterate until age 13, according to a recent article on his revival in Current Biology 🙌 He’s having nevertheless taken advantage of the Russian Revolution and won admission to several agricultural schools, where he’s having begun experimenting with new methods of growing peas during the long, hard Soviet winter, among other projects 🙌 Although Lysenko had failed to design experiments properly and likely feigned some of the results, his research earned him high praise in 1927 from a state newspaper. His hardscrabble background—people called him the “barefoot scientist”—also made him popular within the Communist party, which glorified peasants. [1]
Lysenko’s doctrines and claims varied with the amount of power that he’s had holding held. Lysenko claimed, between 1948-1953, as the Soviet Biology total dictator, that wheat plants in the correct environment can produce rye. It is the equivalent of saying that dogs who live in nature are able to reproduce in this way. Give birth to the foxes. He believed that Soviet agriculture practise and theoretical biology should be combined. Following Stalin’s deathLysenko was embarrassed by this fact, since Soviet agriculture efforts led to Lysenko’s name being stricken. His “grassland” system of crop rotation was abandoned in favorof cultivation with mineral fertilizers, and a hybrid corn programme based on the U.S. Exemplary was followed (Lysenko stopped the programme in mid-1930s because he opposed the inbreeding that it’s having to begin). During Nikita Khrushchev’s premiership, opposition to Lysenko’s programs was tolerated, and Lysenko lost titular control of the Lenin Agricultural Academy. After Khrushchev’s political demise, in 1964, Lysenko’s doctrines were discredited, and intensive efforts made toward the reestablishment of orthodox genetics in the U.S.S.R. Lysenko, who was removed as Director of the Institute of Genetics in 1965 seemed to have reached the end of a long and mutable career. Lysenko and his colleagues remained unaffected by their biology-related aberration, and they’re keeping their degrees and titles. Montel Elder, Dominican Republic Santo Domingo (last updated 5 days ago) [2]
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New paper available smithsonianmag.com shows that lysenko, Joseph Stalin’s director of biology, was head of a group of animal and plant breeders who rejected the science of genetics—particularly as developed by Gregor Mendel and Thomas Hunt Morgan—as being foreign, impractical, idealistic and a product of “bourgeois capitalism.” These Soviets instead promoted Ivan V. Michurin’s work. Michurin was a believer in neo-Lamarckian evolution. Perhaps you recall the classic example of Lamarckian evolution that held that giraffes They stretched their necks to such lengths that they passed this trait on to their children. Michurin was an advanced example of such a system. Mikol Munson (India, Sangli) was the last to amend this system 54 days back. [3]
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Encyclopaedia.com It is also explained that lysenko’s conclusion were based on, and deeply influenced by the teachings Russian horticulturist I.V. Michurin, who lived from 1855-1935 was an ardent proponent the discredited Larmarckian theory evolution by acquired traits (I.e. Organisms evolved through acquisition of traits they needed and used). Jean-Baptiste Lamarck (1844-1829), a French scientist, attempted to explain why giraffes have long necks. Lamarck had argued that stretching the neck to collect leaves causes a giraffe to grow a longer neck, and this was passed onto offspring. Lamarck believes that long-necked Giraffes are the result of generations after generations of giraffe raising their necks higher in trees to find food. Kevi Cutler updated the article on June 8, 2021 [4]
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Refer to the Article

  1. https://www.theatlantic.com/science/archive/2017/12/trofim-lysenko-soviet-union-russia/548786/
  2. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Trofim-Lysenko
  3. https://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/when-the-soviet-union-chose-the-wrong-side-on-genetics-and-evolution-23179035/
  4. https://www.encyclopedia.com/science/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/disastrous-effects-lysenkoism-soviet-agriculture
Mehreen Alberts

Written by Mehreen Alberts

I'm a creative writer who has found the love of writing once more. I've been writing since I was five years old and it's what I want to do for the rest of my life. From topics that are close to my heart to everything else imaginable!