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What Is Capital Punishment In Sociology? [SOLVED!]

Capital punishment is a legal process whereby a person is put to death by the state as a punishment for a crime 😎 Crimes that can result in a death penalty are known as “capital crimes” or “capital offenses 👍 ” Capital punishment has in the past been practiced by most societies 🔥 Currently, only 58 nations actively practise it, and 97 countries have abolished it. Although many nations have abolished capital punishment, over 60% of the world’s population live in countries where executions take place–the People’s Republic of China, India, the United States, and Indonesia–the four most-populous countries in the world, that continue to apply the death penalty. [1]
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According to Elizabeth McCabe from revisesociology.com, left realists believe that prison alone is an ineffective method at reducing crime. They believe it needs to be combined with the practise of restorative justice…which involves the offender actively doing something to make up for the harm done as a result of their crime. This may involve measures such as reparation, (paying back) mediation, (offender meeting victim) reintegrative ‘shaming’, (facing offenders with the consequences of their actions and family conferencing which seeks to bring offender, victim and members of the community into some form of dialog and ‘healing’ process. All this is very unlike the anonymous processing and exclusionist shaming of the courts and prison sentences. [3]
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THE SIMPLEST RENDITION OF THE SOCIOLOGICAL VIEW OF LAW IS THAT THE SOCIAL STRUCTURE OF SOME SOCIETIES AND GROUPS IS MORE CONDUCIVE TO REPRESSIVE SANCTIONS THAN OTHERS. EXAMINATIONS OF VARIATIONS IN CANADIAN SOCIAL STRUCTURE ASSIST IN EXPLAINING VARIATIONS IN PUBLIC SUPPORT FOR RETAINING THE DEATH PENALTY. THE DILEMMA OF LAW VIEWED AS EITHER AN INSTRUMENTAL CONTROL MECHANISM IN SOCIETY OR AS AN EXPRESSIVE DRAMA WHICH RITUALLY DISPLAYS THE IDEALS OF THE CULTURE IS A THEME OF THE BOOK; THE INTRODUCTION DESCRIBES THIS DILEMMA AND PRESENTS SOME CONCEPTS USED BY SOCIOLOGISTS INTERESTED IN DEVIANCE, SOCIAL CONTROL, AND THE SOCIOLOGY OF LAW. A DESCRIPTION OF THE CANADIAN SITUATION REGARDING THE DEATH PENALTY BOTH IN HISTORICAL AND COMPARATIVE PERSPECTIVE FOLLOWS; CAPITAL PUNISHMENT IN FRANCE, THE UNITED STATES, AND ENGLAND IS COVERED. A CRITICAL REVIEW OF THE PROBLEMS OF PUBLIC OPINION POLLS ON THE DEATH PENALTY IN PARTICULAR AND PUNITIVENESS IN GENERAL IS OFFERED, AND THE LEGISLATIVE PROCESS ON CAPITAL PUNISHMENT IS ANALYZED. THE CLASSICAL STRUCTURAL EXPLANATION OF REPRESSIVE LAW ADVANCED BY THE SOCIOLOGIST EMILE DURKHEIM IS DESCRIBED AND SUBJECTED TO EMPIRICAL VERIFICATION WITH DATA DERIVED FROM THE CANADIAN CENSUS, PARLIAMENTARY REPORTS, AND PARLIAMENTARY BIOGRAPHIES. SOME IMPLICATIONS OF THIS STRUCTURAL VIEW OF REPRESSIVE LAW ARE ADVANCED. APPENDIXES DESCRIBE THE TECHNICAL DETAILS OF THE DATA USED IN THE STUDY AND THE METHODS OF ANALYSIS AND PROVIDE A STATISTICAL COMPARISON OF THOSE CONVICTED MURDERERS WHO WERE EXECUTED AND THOSE WHOSE SENTENCES WERE COMMUTED DURING THE LAST 20 YEARS THE DEATH PENALTY WAS ACTUALLY USED IN CANADA. A NAME AND SUBJECT INDEX IS INCLUDED. (DS) (revised by Sharell Rowell on September 26, 2021) [4]

Article References

  1. https://socialsci.libretexts.org/Bookshelves/Sociology/Introduction_to_Sociology/Book:_Sociology_(Boundless)/07:_Deviance_Social_Control_and_Crime/7.08:_Reactions_to_Deviance/7.8D:_The_Death_Penalty
  2. http://oer2go.org/mods/en-boundless/www.boundless.com/sociology/definition/capital-punishment/index.html
  3. https://revisesociology.com/2016/10/21/sociological-perspectives-on-punishment/
  4. https://www.ojp.gov/ncjrs/virtual-library/abstracts/capital-punishment-canada-sociological-study-repressive-law
Kelly-Anne Kidston

Written by Kelly-Anne Kidston

I am a writer of many words, from fiction to poetry to reviews. I am an avid reader and a lover of good books. I am currently writing my first novel and would love to find some beta readers who are interested in getting an early look.

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