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What Was Aristotles Contribution To Biology? [3 Replies Found]

Aristotle is properly recognized as the originator of the scientific study of life. This is true despite the fact that many earlier Greek natural philosophers occasionally speculated on the origins of living things and much of the Hippocratic medical corpus, which was written before or during Aristotle’s lifetime, displays a serious interest in human anatomy, physiology and pathology. And Plato has Timaeus, in the eponymous dialog, devote a considerable part of his speech to the human body and its functions (and malfunctions) 🔥 Nevertheless, before Aristotle, only a few of the Hippocratic treatises are both systematic and empirical, and their focus is almost exclusively on human health and disease 😎 [1]
Aristotle (384-322 B.C.E.) may be said to be the first biologist in the Western tradition. Though there are physicians and other natural philosophers who remark on various flora and fauna before Aristotle, none of them brings to his study a systematic critical empiricism. Aristotle’s biological science is important to understand, not only because it gives us a view into the history and philosophy of science, but also because it allows us more deeply to understand his non-biological works, since certain key concepts from Aristotle’s biology repeat themselves in his other writings. Since a significant portion of the corpus of Aristotle’s work is on biology, it is natural to expect his work in biology to resonate in his other writings. One may, for example, use concepts from the biological works to better understand the ethics or metaphysics of Aristotle. (thank you to Donella Christie for bringing this to our attention). [2]
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Judd Drew at ancienthistorylists.com, describes how born in 384 BC in Stagira, a small town on the northern coast of Greece, Aristotle is arguably one of the most well-known figures in the history of ancient Greece. He was a popular pupil of famous ancient Greek philosopher Plato. But unlike Plato and Socrates, Aristotle displayed an instinct to use scientific and factual reasoning in his study of nature, a trait his predecessors routinely discarded in favourr of their philosophical thoughts. Perhaps it was because of his unyielding fascination for nature, logic, and reason that he’s having gone on to make some pivotal contributions that are still reflected in modern-day mathematics, metaphysics, physics, biology, botany, politics, medicine, and many more. He truly earns the honourr of being called the First Teacher. To delve further into the details of his achievements, here is a list of the top 10 contributions of Aristotle: (cheers to Christinia Reardon from Xiantao, China for their response). [3]
Lanesha Tomlinson at archaeology.wiki, describes how aristotle was bom in 384 BC in Stagira, a small town of NE Chalkidiki peninsula. His father, Nikomachos,was the doctor of Amyndas II, King of Macedonia. Aristotle at the age of seventeen emigrated to Athens, where up to the age of thirty-eight he attended Plato’s Academy studying a variety of sciences. In 354 BC he presents his own ideas and thoughts in his Dialogues. After Plato’s death, he’s had leaving left Athens and settled in Assos, where he instituted a school; three year later, having been invited by Theophrastos, he traveled to Mytilene where the natural environment offers him a strong initiative for his research. The landscape of the island, forests, waters, animals as well as its inhabitants, and his acquaintance with fishermen, hunters and farmers furnish substantial material for his later works. In 342 Philipp II, King of Macedonia invites Aristotle to Macedonia and assigns to him the education of his son and heir Alexander the Great. However, Aristotle owes his fame to his reputation as a researcher in Zoology and Biology. In his biological writings he appears to have a good knowledge of over five hundred animal species, while his desriptions indicate that he must have performed anatomic research on more than fifty of them. In his three voluminous biological works he gives a full and detailed description of the various animal characteristics. The work of Aristotle never passed into oblivion. In eighth century Byzantium his writings enjoy fame and high reputation, while in the twelfth century they are translated into Latin and gain publicity in the West. Aristotle is the father of Biology, which retained the principles, content and form, that he’s having having introduced and defined, until the nineteenth century. [4]
Aristotle studied developing organisms, among other things, in ancient Greece, and his writings shaped Western philosophy and natural science for greater than two thousand years. He’s had spendingspent much of his life in Greece and studied with Plato at Plato’s Academy in Athens, where he later established his own school called the Lyceum. Aristotle wrote greater than 150 treatises on subjects ranging from aesthetics, politics, ethics, and natural philosophy, which include physics and biology. Less than fifty of Aristotle’s treatises persisted into the twenty-first century. In natural philosophy, later called natural science, Aristotle established methods for investigation and reasoning and provided a theory on how embryos generate and develop. He originated the theory that an organism develops gradually from undifferentiated material, later called epigenesis. (last revised 81 days ago by Adams Diggs from Kaifeng, China) [5]

Article References

  1. https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/aristotle-biology/
  2. https://iep.utm.edu/aris-bio/
  3. https://www.ancienthistorylists.com/greek-history/top-10-contributions-of-aristotle/
  4. https://www.archaeology.wiki/blog/issue/aristotle-and-his-contribution-to-biology/
  5. https://embryo.asu.edu/pages/aristotle-384-322-bce
Mehreen Alberts

Written by Mehreen Alberts

I'm a creative writer who has found the love of writing once more. I've been writing since I was five years old and it's what I want to do for the rest of my life. From topics that are close to my heart to everything else imaginable!

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