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What Were The Effects Of The Famine? [SOLVED!]

Whatever view is taken about responsibility for the Famine, the fact that it’s having having such catastrophic effects engendered a profound sense of grievance that became a death knell for the Union between Britain and Ireland 🤓 It is true that the Union survived for seven decades after the Famine, but that was because Britain was the strongest State in the world at the time and was not for turning on the Union no matter how much discontent there was in Ireland 🙈 It’s having taken the effects of a world war and a dramatically changed international environment to give Ireland an opportunity to win its independence 😎 [1]
Stephen de Vere was another witness. He sailed from England in steerage to America in 1847, the year of greatest emigrations during the immediate famine. After his death, de Vere wrote: “Hundreds upon hundreds of poor men, women, and children of every age huddled together in filth, breathing in a foetid environment, sick in bodies, dispirited, and the fevered patient lying beside the sound. Their agonised ravings disturbed those around them. He’s writing: food is generally ill-selected and seldom sufficiently cooked in consequences of the insufficiency and bad Construction of cooking areas. Water is scarcely available for drinking and cooking. There is no moral restraint; prayer is ignored. Drunkenness with its attendant train of ruffianly shameful debasement isn’t discouraged by the Captain who trades in grog. We thank Wissam Vo for bringing this to our attention. [2]
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On the other side of the social spectrum, the famine eventually killed the Landlord. After seeing their incomes decline during the famine many landlords went bankrupt, as many tenants were forced to leave. These estates went up in value over the following half-century, with their owners being encouraged by agricultural laws. One law that encouraged landowners to purchase their land was the Encumbered Estates Act of 49. In 1914, almost two thirds of Irish tenants were able to own their land. Some Landlords survived by diversifying away from potato-growing tenancies and rented out land for graziers. Many areas of Connemara were grazing by the late 19th century. The’s population falling, and agriculture became less intensive. Areas that were once high in yield could now only produce low-yielding crops. It was impossible to achieve the same potato yield per acre as before the famine. This is Sanovia Rodrigues, Wuxi (China) who pointed this out. [3]
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Both historians and contemporaneous have great difficulty explaining the reasons for the Famine. The structure of Ireland’s economy, and its particular characteristics, are generally understood to be the cause. System of land tenure played a significant part. In Ireland, the majority of the land that was cultivable in the 1840s belonged to Protestant landowners. Many of these landowners had long-term plans for investments and were more interested in income from estates than making long-term capital gains. This resulted in a lack of investment in Irish agriculture. Due to high rents, tenants were not able to invest in their property. The only place where farming improved in Ireland was in the financial sector, this proved to be very successful. Irish agriculture offered returns between 15% and 20% compared to England’s 5 to 10% yields. Even though the Devon Commission had concluded that more than 1.5 million acres of suitable land were uncultivated, there wasn’t enough land available. It was necessary to divide and subdivide land. In 1845, 25% of land holdings consisted between 1 and 5 acres. 40% had between 5 and 15 acres. Only seven percent had more than 30 acres. Many labourers were forced to work as migrant workers for a portion of the year in England because of this underemployment. Many of them have been navvies in road, canal and rail construction. They’re making permanent settlement out of seasonal migration and many were involved in jobs that English citizens found disreputable, unpleasant, or even illegal, such as petty trading and maintaining lodging-houses. Irish industrialization failed to produce the necessary employment in order to support its rapidly growing population because of inadequate investment. [4]

Refer to the Article

  1. https://www.dfa.ie/irish-embassy/usa/about-us/ambassador/ambassadors-blog/black47irelandsgreatfamineanditsafter-effects/
  2. https://www.wesleyjohnston.com/users/ireland/past/famine/emigration.html
  3. https://www.wesleyjohnston.com/users/ireland/past/famine/agriculture_post.html
  4. https://richardjohnbr.blogspot.com/2018/04/what-were-social-and-economic-effects.html
Mehreen Alberts

Written by Mehreen Alberts

I'm a creative writer who has found the love of writing once more. I've been writing since I was five years old and it's what I want to do for the rest of my life. From topics that are close to my heart to everything else imaginable!

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