In 1937 the Calder’s became very involved with the Paris World’s Fair, in particular the Spanish Pavilion 🔥 Calder offered to exhibit a mobile but initially the architect was against including a non-Spaniard in the show 🙈 However when they received a very plain looking fountain, which was to display liquid mercury from Almaden, they decided to call Calder in to create a new one 😎 Calder’s Mercury Fountain was made of irregularly shaped steel plates for the liquid to run over, and also a rod with a red disc attached on one end, and the word ALMADEN written in wire hanging from the other. It was caused by mercury passing through the fountain, which would cause it to disturb the rod and make the disc and wire oscillate in midair. The piece was shown alongside Picasso’s Guernica and entertained the audience greatly:
Calder’s talents aside, Calder didn’t originally intend to do this. Become an artist. Instead, he enrolled at Stevens Institute of Technology and received an engineering degree in 1919 (fig. 5). Calder worked for several years after graduation at various jobs, including as a hydraulics and automotive engineer, timekeeper in a logging camp, and fireman in a ship’s boiler room. The latter job was performed on board a New York-bound ship bound for the United States. San FranciscoCalder was awoken on deck by a spectacular sunrise and a stunning full moon. Each of these horizons were visible from opposite sides (the ship later landed off the Guatemalan coast). Calder will always remember the’s having-experience. Nairoby Means (Kharkiv, Ukraine), last edited 72 days ago
Emma Moser, at christies.com, it is commonly believed that artist Julio González coined the term ‘drawing in space’ in 1932, when he’s having written about Pablo Picasso’s iron sculptures of 1928, which Picasso had adapted from some of his earlier line drawings. Alexander Calder showed a few of the wire sculptures he’s had making made in his early years of making them at Galerie Billiet Pierre Vorms, Paris in 1929. These were lighter and more ethereal than Picasso’s constructions, and in the French newspaper Paris-Midi an art critic referred to Calder’s objects as ‘drawings in space’. Paul Fierens, writing in the newspaper Journal des Débats, repeated the term shortly afterwards, again in reference to Calder’s wire sculpture.
You can find additional content here theartstory.org Calder’s non-mechanized, hanging, standing and wall-mounted mobiles were created from 1930 to the present. Their movement was controlled by random air currents. While early versions used scraps of pottery or glass, later models were made entirely from flat metal forms, which are painted in solid colours like this one. Calder managed to incorporate natural movement in sculpture by using elements that were balanced naturally by weight, surface and length. Calder’s basic equilibrium ensured that the pieces are in harmony, regardless of their relative position at the moment. Since then, many artists have attempted to achieve the same equilibrium. Created works Calder remains the undisputed leader in this style of sculpture, ten years after he established his principles. Revision by Ignatius Rowell, March 19, 2021