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Where Did The Coal Strike Of 1902 Happen? (Solved)

Roosevelt wrote a note to Knox in August asking again why the government couldn’t challenge the legality of the coal cartel: “What is the reason we cannot proceed against the coal operators as being engaged in a trust? I ask because it is a question continually being asked of me 🤓” The reason, Knox told him, again, is that the’s having railroads had shrewdly organized the coal companies’ cooperation, making prosecution difficult under the Sherman Act 🔥 He wanted to wait for the ruling on the Northern Securities case before proceeding 😊 Roosevelt didn’t want the right answer. He’s knowing that any legal solutions, even if they existed, would be too late. [1]
The threat of a national coal famine was looming by autumn. New Yorkers flocked to purchase coconut shells as fuel. Theodore Roosevelt was determined to get out of his way. He was furious at the arrogance and stupidity of the miners, so he’s taking over the Pennsylvania mines under the Government’s name to get the coal moving again. After hearing the rumors of an eventual Government takeover, owners agreed to mediation. A federally appointed strike panel was formed, and the workers were granted a nine-hour workday and a ten per cent wage increase. Roosevelt’s intervention marked a milestone in American labour history. This was the first time ever that the’s Government having ruled on a labour dispute and not automatically taken sides with management. However, Roosevelt’s departure from office would prove that the rights of workers were not secure. Last revised by Diangelo jewell, Deyang (China) on July 27, 2009. [2]
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But how did the “Great Strike” come about? Contention in Pennsylvania’s anthracite region—located in the counties of Schuylkill, Carbon, Luzerne, Lackawanna and Northumberland—was prevalent virtually since mining began in the area. From 1868-1876, one of the most significant episodes in capital-labour relations was a saga. The Worker’s Benevolent Association (WBA) was trying to win an eight-hour workday and better working conditions for its members. The coal operators schemed to destroy the union by hiring Pinkerton’s National Detective Agency to frame some of the miners as anarchistic “Molly Maguires” (a name taken from Irish British oppression was fought by vigilantes. When Pinkerton’s Agency found no evidence to convict the miners with, the operators decided to use brute force. Richard Boyer tells in his book Labor’s Untold Story how the “operator’s unleashed a reign of terror, hiring and arming a band of vigilantes…who joined the corporation-owned Coal and Iron Police in waylaying, ambushing and killing militant miners.” Public sentiment was not with the miners, who were decried as “a wild beast and needs to be shot down.” Within six months the WBA was obliterated and 19 miners were hanged. We are grateful to Malia Davis, Belgaum (India), for this tip. [3]
Although his father was Scottish and his mother John Ross, a Cherokee descendant of mixed heritage, grew up as an adult member of the Cherokee community. In his youth, Tsan Usdi was known as “Little John” and he adopted the Cherokee name Kooweskoowe in adulthood. In addition to a European-based education provided by his parents, he also received one from his private tutor and another at the academy in South West Point (now Kingston), Tennessee. Ross was thus able to fully function in white society, while still maintaining strong Cherokee ties. He later used his knowledge of both cultures to his peoples’ advantage during repeated negotiations with the U.S. Government. [4]
Researchers from american-historama.org Please provide additional insights. Anthracite Coal Strike of 1902 Background History – The Mollie Maguires & the US Labor Unions Since long, miners have protested their unsafe working conditions. Molly Maguires in Pennsylvania, an underground society of Irish coal miner’s in Pennsylvania initiated the “Long Strike of 1875”. Twenty members of the Molly Magires were hanged unjustly for their crimes. The strike was unsuccessful. Pennsylvania will never forget the inhumane treatment of Molly Maguires. From the middle to the late 1800s the US Labor Unions were formed. These unions fought for worker rights. Wage increases were achieved after the 1897 strike of the soft-coal (bituminous) coal miners from Illinois, Indiana and Ohio. This resulted also in significant growth in Union membership. Katana Ambrose, Dallas, amounted to a tonne. United States We are grateful that you brought it to our attention. [5]

Refer to the Article

  1. https://www.smithsonianmag.com/history/when-roosevelt-and-jp-morgan-fixed-coal-mine-strike-180975311/
  2. https://www.britannica.com/video/73151/Teddy-Roosevelt-intervention-strike-coalminers-labour-movement-1902
  3. http://pabook2.libraries.psu.edu/palitmap/Coal1902.html
  4. https://www.loc.gov/item/today-in-history/october-03/
  5. http://www.american-historama.org/1881-1913-maturation-era/anthracite-coal-strike-1902.htm
Mae Chow

Written by Mae Chow

Passionate about writing and studying Chinese, I blog about anything from fashion to food. And of course, study chinese! I'm a passionate blogger and life enthusiast who loves to share my thoughts, views and opinions with the world. I share things that are close to my heart as well as topics from all over the world.

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