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(SOLVED!) Who Discovered Boson Particle?

But these very symmetries presented a glaring problem: “The symmetries explained the electroweak force but in order to keep the symmetries valid, they forbid its force-carrying particles from having mass,” explains Fabio Cerutti, who co-led Higgs groups at ATLAS on two separate occasions 🙈 “The photon, which carries electromagnetism, we have known was massless; the W and Z bosons, carriers of the weak force, could not be 😁” Although the W and Z had not been directly observed at the time, physicists knew that if they were to have no mass, processes such as beta decay would have occurred at infinite rates – a physical impossibility – while other processes would have probabilities greater than one at high energies. [1]
One parable by physical scientists is about fish who are trying to understand the laws of Physics but become so attached to their environment that they forget to take into account its impact. They struggle tremendously to explain both the gentle movement of plants and their own locomotion. They eventually discover complex laws that are difficult to follow. A breakthrough is made by one fish. Maybe the complexity reflects simple fundamental laws acting themselves out in a complex environment—one that’s filled with a viscous, incompressible and pervasive fluid: the ocean. The fish that is so insightful at first seems to be ignored and even mocked. The other creatures begin to realize the importance of their surroundings, despite being familiar. Ladarryl Rico modified this on April 2, 2021 [2]
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This puzzle was solved by theorists in 1964. Independent efforts by Robert Brout and François Englert in Brussels, Peter Higgs at the University of Edinburgh, and others lead to a concrete model known as the Brout-Englert-Higgs (BEH) mechanism. It is unique in that the mechanism can both give mass to elementary particle while maintaining their original structure. Importantly, the structure of this theory ensures that it remains accurate at high energies. The weak interaction means that particles with masses would gain mass from their interactions with the Higgs fields, just like all matter particles. Photons that carry the electromagnetic interaction would be massless. Last edited 8 weeks ago, by Jacqueleen Cerri from Astana (Kazakhstan) [3]
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Jeffery Hatcher from thehindu.comWhy are these particles now called bosons? Bose was the one who actually discovered (in particular, photons) what a group photons behaved. He was interested in reproducing, mathematically, Planck’s law of radiation using only quantum mechanical ideas. This calculation laid the basis for quantum statistics. Albert Einstein received his paper and translated it into German. He was subsequently published in the journal Zeitschrift fur Physik. paper turned out to a seminal one and the technique used by Bose goes under the name of Bose-Einstein Statistics and the particles such as photons that obey these statistics are called bosons. (Revised August 20, 2020 by Carsen Peteson) [4]
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Article references

  1. https://home.cern/news/series/lhc-physics-ten/higgs-boson-what-makes-it-special
  2. https://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/how-the-higgs-boson-was-found-4723520/
  3. https://atlas.cern/updates/feature/higgs-boson
  4. https://www.thehindu.com/sci-tech/science/what-are-bosons-and-how-did-they-get-their-name/article22343300.ece
Mehreen Alberts

Written by Mehreen Alberts

I'm a creative writer who has found the love of writing once more. I've been writing since I was five years old and it's what I want to do for the rest of my life. From topics that are close to my heart to everything else imaginable!

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