Who Invented The Permanent Hair Wave Machine? [SOLVED]

This permanent wave machine, selected as this week’s Pennsylvania Treasure by CAP curator Diana Zeltmann, offers a glimpse into the early 20th century, when permanents or “perms” were the new, hit style 🔥 The family of Mildred Bierman Bevan donated this machine to the State Museum in 2008 🙈 After graduating from Wyoming High School in 1933, Bevan attended Empire Beauty College in Wilkes-Barre, Pa 😎 One year later, she opened Mildred’s Beauty Shop in Wyoming, Pa. Bevan eventually relocated to Scotch Plains, N.J., where she continued operating her beauty shop into the 1970s. The circa 1935 Duart-manufactured machine from Mildred’s Beauty Shop is now part of the State Museum’s Community and Domestic Life collection. San Francisco-based Duart was a popular brand and was said to have been the choice of Hollywood’s biggest stars. [1]
A woman who had straight hair wanted to have a man before the twenty-century. Curls had to spend hours heating curling irons To achieve curls, she can either blow dry her hair with a torch or use pins and rags to hold it in place. False hair pieces may be used if she is unable to achieve the desired results or tired of their short-lived effects. Women born with short hair saw new possibilities for long-lasting curls. The promise of science brought about some rather frightening contraptions, such as this permanent wave machine from the 1930s that offered “permanent results” using a mixture chemicals. Electrically heated clamps. [2]
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Mattew Iverson We can obtain additional information from you. Karl Nessler was the son of the shoemaker Bartholomäus Nessler and his wife Rosina (née Laitner) from the Black Forest town of Todtnau below the Feldberg. In his youth, he had reportedly gotten the idea for the permanent waves. As a young man, he worked occasionally as a janitor. Shepherd and noticed that sheep’s Hair was curly and not like human hair. In Fahrnau near his home, he had begun an apprenticeship. He was eventually fired by Busam after only a few months. He continued his learning by staying in Basel Milan and Geneva. Here he also learned French and Italian. His training was continued and he had found work with an eminent hairdresser in Geneva. After adapting to the French-speaking world, he had become Charles Nessler for life and Charles Nestle. This was modified by Rebecca Evans, Quito (Ecuador), February 21, 2021. [3]