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Who Really Wrote The Book Of Job? (Solved)

Job was a real person as Ezekiel 14:14–20 (KJV) and James 5:11 (KJV) indicate. He was a native of the land of Uz (Job 1, 19 KJV), which scholars have located either northeast of Palestine near desert land, probably between the city of Damascus and the Euphrates River, or to the southeast in the area of Edom. Job probably lived before or around the time of Abraham (c. 2167–1992 b.c.). Some have suggested that Job was about 70 years old at the time of the events in Job (Job 42:16 KJV). He was very wealthy; he and his sons were homeowners in a large city of the region (Job 4; 29:7 KJV); he was a respected and popular judge and benefactor of his fellow citizens (Job 29:7–25 KJV). He was a righteous man in God’s eyes (Job 1, 5, 8; 2:3 KJV; Ezek. 14:14–20 KJV; James 5:11 KJV). The events related in this book were initiated by God (Job 6–8 KJV), for God did not allow Job’s trials because of any sin in his life (Job 2:3 KJV). Job emerged from the severe testing with a fresh appreciation of God’s sovereignty and sufficiency for the believer’s life (Job 42:1–6 KJV) 🤓 [1]
Though the text does not directly identify its setting, internal clues indicate that Job lived during the time of the patriarchs, approximately 2100 to 1900 BC. According to Job 42:16, Job lived an additional 140 years after his tragedies occurred, perhaps to around 210 years total. His long lifespan generally corresponds to that of Terah (Abraham’s father), Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. Also, Job’s wealth was measured in livestock (Job 1:3; 42:12), as was Abraham’s (Genesis 12:16). Like the patriarchs, Job used God’s unique title “El Shaddai” (God Almighty). The book of Job does not mention the Mosaic Law; indeed, Job’s daughters were equal heirs with his sons, and Job himself, though not a priest, offered sacrifices—things not possible under the Law (Leviticus 4:10; Numbers 27:8). Though we cannot be certain, Job may have lived during the time of Jacob or shortly thereafter. (edited by Torrance Rosenberg on February 11, 2020) [2]
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The story of Job starts in heaven. Satan, the adversary, claims to G-d that Job is only righteous because he is basically wealthy and comfortable. Satan asks G-d whether he can test him. He wipes out Job’s 10 children, his possessions and gives him a nasty skin disease to boot. Whilst mourning the death of his children three friends increasingly challenge and berate him suggesting that he must have seriously done something wrong to have received such a fate. Job then questions G-d regarding his suffering, finds Him to be unjust and speaks harshly against G-d. A fourth companion enters the story, Elihu, and it is Elihu’s speech that creates the basis for theodicy. He chastises all, tells us G-d is never wrong, merciful and that we cannot know or comprehend all that G-d does. There are greater things than us that we do not and cannot understand. G-d then turns up, confirms this position and tells everyone that Job is a righteous man and that the three people who mocked him should make a sacrifice and that Job will forgive them. The story ends with Job receiving his wealth back several fold, having another 10 children and living for another 140 years. (last emended 25 days ago by Danyale Russ from Rosario, Argentina) [3]
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In the book of Ezekiel, we hear a short version of the Job story where Job saves his children through his faithfulness (Ezek 14:14, Ezek 14:20), which does not seem to correspond to the biblical book of Job. We also see a lively ancient tradition about a Job-figure who is always patient and never erupts in anger at God, as he does throughout the biblical version (see the Testament of Job and perhaps Jas 5:11, and compare to Job 9). This suggests that there were many stories about Job in the ancient world, and what we find in the Bible is only one of them. (revised by Brenda Cook from Konya, Turkey on October 18, 2021) [4]
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Bibleask.org also describes how many other words common in the Book of Job and the books of Moses are rarely used by other Bible authors. For example, the title ’El–Shaddai, “the Almighty” is used 31 times in the book of Job and 6 times in the book of Genesis. But it is not used in this specific form anywhere else in the Scriptures. Crediting Moses for the authorship of the Book of Job does not exclude the possibility that most of the material may have already been there in a written form by Job himself. It is believed that the book was written between the 4th and the 6th century BCE. (last emended 57 days ago by Keitra Emery from Munich, Germany) [5]

Article References

  1. https://www.thomasnelsonbibles.com/blog/who-wrote-the-book-of-job/
  2. https://www.insight.org/resources/bible/the-wisdom-books/job
  3. https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/belief/2010/jun/28/philosophy-judaism
  4. https://www.bibleodyssey.org/en/tools/ask-a-scholar/authorship-of-job
  5. https://bibleask.org/wrote-book-job/
Mehreen Alberts

Written by Mehreen Alberts

I'm a creative writer who has found the love of writing once more. I've been writing since I was five years old and it's what I want to do for the rest of my life. From topics that are close to my heart to everything else imaginable!

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