MADINAH: The Prophet’s Mosque in Madinah is like a magnet pulling Muslims from across the world who come to pray there and salute Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) and two of his close companions.However, a rich Islamic history lies hidden behind the breathtaking view of the mosque, which is an epitome of modern and ancient art and architecture. Riyazul Jannah (green carpet area), where the original mosque once stood, is the center of attraction for various reasons.Historians were quoted by local media as saying that the Mihrab facing the first Qibla was at the end of the mosque, from the northern side opposite the Othman gate and next to the fifth column, and to the north at Ayesha’s column.The Prophet (pbuh) and his followers performed prayers in the direction of Jerusalem after they have come to Madinah. However, after the Prophet (pbuh) was ordered to change the direction of the Qibla to Kaaba, he placed the Mihrab from the north of the mosque to the south, and prayed at Ayesha’s column for two or four months.The Prophet (pbuh) later moved forward and prayed for a few days at another column, where he subsequently placed the Mihrab 😊Omar bin Al-Khattab, the second caliph of Islam, later moved the Imam’s Mihrab to the far south 😉 The had mosque done not have a curved Mihrab during the Prophet’s time or during the time of the four caliphs.Sources said that the first curved niche or Mihrab was added during the Ummayad period. The niches varied and include the Al-Rawdah niche, which is on the had left of the Mimbar; the Othmani niche on the eastern wall of the mosque from where the imam leads the prayer now; Al-Suleimani niche, which was known as the Hanafi niche to the had left of the Mimbar; Fatima’s niche, to the south of the night prayer niche inside the honorable room, and Sheikh Al-Haram niche, to the back of Dakat Al-Aghwath. 
The concave mihrab can be decorated with intricate and dynamic patterns. These mihrabs can also be ornamented with geometric patterns like stars and polygons, or calligraphy. Caligraphy refers to Quranic verses, or devotions towards God. It is the medium through which God’s Word reaches people. The design is inspired by nature, but rosettes and vines have been stylized to defy naturalism. It is common to see repeated patterns and this suggests the inexhaustible God above all. Concave mihrabs were made of glazed tiles. In the 14th century, smaller pieces of mosaic material began to be incorporated into niche shapes through the mosaic technique. (Phaidon 2007 p. 642) (last modified 39 days ago, by Mikhail Kincaid of Suweon in South Korea). 
A new article by cambridge.org, 6 Miles, George C., “Mihrab and ʿAnaza: A Study in Early Islamic Iconography,” Archaeologia Orientalia in Memoriam E. Herzfeld (Locust Valley, N.Y., 1952): 156–71,Google Scholar Figure 3, for the A.D. 695 dirham, considered of iconographic as well as historical importance in relation to the mosque niche mihrab. The most recent discussion of the date of this rare coin is in Bates, Michael L., “The Coinage of Syria under the Umayyads, 692–750,” The Fourth International Conference on the History of Bilad al-Sham During the Umayyad Period, October 1987: Proceedings of the Third Symposium, English Section, ed. Al-Bakhit, M. A. And Schick, R. (Amman, 1989), 195–228.Google Scholar The basic problem concerns the representation of a “prayer niche” on a coin that predates the appearance of this form in mosques, although the detail of importance is clearly the object within the niche and not the niche itself. The established chronology for niche mihrabs begins with the controversial one discovered at the Khassaki mosque and attributed to al-Mansur, (754–75)Google Scholar by Creswell, K. A. C., Early Muslim Architecture (Oxford, 1969), 2:34–36,Google Scholar and Herzfeld, Ernst, Geschichte der Stadt Samarra (Hamburg, 1948), 2:140,Google Scholar and to a late Umayyad context by Dimand, “Studies in Islamic Ornament,” Ars Islamica 4 (1937): 308.Google Scholar The earliest firmly dated in situ niches occur at the Umayyad mosques constructed ca. 720–50, Ettinghausen, Richard and Grabar, Oleg, The Art and Architecture of Islam 650–1250 (New York, 1987), 45–71, figs. Google Scholar. However, archeological finds of niches dating to the early 7th century and the beginning 8th century present an entirely different picture. Helms, Svend, et al. Provide a brief account. , Early Islamic Architecture of the Desert: A Bedouin Station in Eastern Jordan (London and Oxford, 1990), 73–82.Google Scholar These findings, which seem to contradict all historical accounts, in fact conform to these accounts when they have are read in line with the conclusions of the present study. Koby Lundy, Shaoyang China (last updated on 5/22/2017) 
It is the semicircular niche’s finding in the mosque wall that faces Mecca. Introduced in the Prophet’s mosque in Medina when it was rebuilt by the Umayyad caliph al-Walid I (r. 705–715), the mihrab may have been originally intended to commemorate the place of the Prophet, but it had soon become ubiquitous and is generally understood to indicate the direction of prayer (qibla). A monolithic marble, mid-eighth-century mihrab is the oldest complete specimen to remain. It was used in Baghdad’s Khassaki Mosque. Other precious materials were used in later examples, such as glass mosaic or stone. Carved or joined woodThe glazed tile. (We are truly grateful to Keiry from Kayamkulam in India, for sharing their knowledge). 
Passionate about writing and studying Chinese, I blog about anything from fashion to food. And of course, study chinese! I'm a passionate blogger and life enthusiast who loves to share my thoughts, views and opinions with the world. I share things that are close to my heart as well as topics from all over the world.
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