In terms of this genre of writing in the Hyms the style is reminiscent of the epic poetry of Homer and Hesiod 😁 They use the same dactylic hexameter 🙈 There is also a similar diction to Homer’s language. It’s pastiche drawn from lots of different dialects around ancient Greeks. They are also drawn from that same Homeric register of connections between the many different aspects of ancient Greek. There are some stylistic measures that are similar in terms of using similes, digressions and some use of narrative in that Homeric way that introduces us to really intense stories .The narrative is used more like the way that Hesiod uses narrative, as one device among many to structure the engagement that a person wants to make with the material. None of our poets feel obliged to tell us a clean, clear, linear story. They just get all this good stuff about this god in there that they possibly can with interruptions, some back and forth movements in the narrative and some non-linear things.
The Homeric Hymns are called “Homeric” in large part because they work in the same poetic style as Homer’s epics. Scholars do not believe the works are his; their understood dates of composition range too broadly to be ascribed to any single author, spanning some centuries and ranging from a century after Homer up into Roman times. This stylerelies on lines of dactylic hexameter. The hymns all strive for lines containing six metrical units, known as the “hexameter”, in which each unit is a long or stressed syllable followed by two short or unstressed syllables, known as the “dactylic”. Note that both “syllable” and “dactylic” are both examples of dactyls.
Apart from Demeter, lady of the golden sword and glorious fruits, she was playing with the deep-bosomed daughters of Oceanus and gathering flowers over a soft meadow, roses and crocuses and beautiful violets, irises also and hyacinths and the narcissus, which Earth made to grow at the will of Zeus and to please the Host of Many, to be a snare for the bloom-like girl — a marvellous, radiant flower. It was a thing of awe whether for deathless gods or mortal men to see: from its root grew a hundred blooms and is smelled most sweetly, so that all wide heaven above and the whole earth and the sea’s salt swell laughed for joy. And the girl was amazed and reached out with both hands to take the lovely toy; but the wide-pathed earth yawned there in the plain of Nysa, and the lord, Host of Many, with his immortal horses sprang out upon her — the Son of Cronos, He who has many names.5 (emended by Evelena Rico on March 14, 2021)
Recall the prayer to the god Osiris in the Egyptian Book of the Dead, The Homeric hymns follow a similar thread. The hymns are not only dedicated to, but also addressed directly to the gods, such as “To Demeter” or “To Apollo”. The belief is that humans can communicate with the divine producing songs of great beauty. Additionally, each song tells a story or paints a picture of each god: Zeus’s “long locks” or Pallas Athena’s “grey eyes.” Each hymn is a short ‘snapshot’ that is both informative to the Greeks, and also intended to be pleasing to the gods. (credit goes to Mehdi Hong for highlighting this).
A new study by ancientworldmagazine.com explains why ares, exceeding in strength, chariot-rider, golden-helmed,doughty in heart, shield-bearer, saviorof cities, harnessed in bronze,strong of arm, unwearying, mighty with the spear, O defence of Olympus,father of warlike Victory, ally of Themis,stern governor of the rebellious, leader of righteous men,sceptred King of manliness, who whirl your fiery sphereamong the planets in their sevenfold courses through the aetherwherein your blazing steeds ever bear you above the third firmament of heaven;hear me, helper of men, giver of dauntless youth!Shed down a kindly ray from above upon my life,and strength of war, that I may be able to drive awaybitter cowardice from my headand crush down the deceitful impulses of my soul.Restrain also the keen fury of my heart which provokes meto tread the ways of blood-curdling strife. Rather, O blessed one,give you me boldness to abide within the harmless laws of peace,avoiding strife and hatred and the violent fiends of death.