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(SOLVED!) Why Did Texas Write A New Constitution In 1876?

The Constitution of 1876 is the sixth constitution by which Texas has been governed since independence from Mexico was achieved in 1836 🙌 It was framed by the Constitutional Convention of 1875 and adopted on February 15, 1876, by a vote of 136,606 to 56,652, and it remains the basic organic law of Texas 😊 The constitution contains some provisions that are uniquely Texan, many of which are products of the state’s unusual history. Some of them, like the ones relating to land title and law in general, could be traced back Mexican or Spanish influence. Sections dealing with land titles, land law generally, debtor relief and judicial procedures as well as water and mineral rights are some of the most notable. Some other unusual provisions can be explained by Jacksonian radicalism (both widespread when Texas was first established) and frontier radicalism (both both popular among the majority of Texas’ immigrants). Civil War. These influences led to sections banning banks and mandating a more strict separation between church and state than was required in the older states. The highly centralized and autocratic Governor Edmund J. Davis, along with his Radical Republicans counterparts, oversaw reconstruction. This led to provisions for decentralizing the state government. After gaining control over both the executive and legislative branches of government, Democrats decided in 1874 that they would replace the popular Constitution of 1869. All elected officials should be eligible for lower terms, less salaries, abolishing voter registration, limited power for the legislature and governor, tight control over corporations and subsidies for railways and low taxes. [1]
As the Constitutional Convention of 1974 proposed, the Constitution of 1874 also was written. However, a sitting legislature rejected it instead of the original constitutional convention. The constitution was created in 1874 by the Democratic response against Reconstruction. The Constitution was adopted by A common desire for a new organic lawHowever, this did not mean that there was agreement about what such a document should include. Rejecting the 1874 document by the legislature was only one stage in a constitutional battle that eventually produced an entirely different and more successful organic law, known as The Constitution of 1876. Writing the Constitution of 1874 was an unusual process. The writing of the constitution was one of the main objectives of Democrats after they regained control over their state governments in 1873-1874. The legislature initially focused its efforts to reform constitutional law almost entirely on revision methods rather than substantive issues. The traditional constitutional convention was blocked by Governor Richard Coke, and the legislative’s Democratic leadership. means of reformA legislative committee should instead write the document; an appointment commission was also suggested. The majority house of representativesHowever, he did not consider any convention to be “anti-democratic”. Superior parliamentary maneuvering resulted in a temporary win for the proposed constitution-writing committee. It was approved by the Senate, but rejected by the House. After this defeat, there was such an outcry from the public for a Constitutional Convention that Coke organized a special session in the legislature called the 1875 conference. In the end, the Constitution of1876 was approved by overwhelming majority. It is an organic law that has not been seen before in Texas. Rebecca H., Tehran, Iran (December 18, 2021). [2]
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In response to the Democrats of Texas’ determination to repeal the 1869 radical Constitution, 1875 became the Constitutional Convention of 18.75. There was a strong push to change that document. made by a legislative joint committee and then submitted to the voters failed in the House Because of the belief that voters would be resentful of such a centralized method of creating a new law, they elected to represent their interests. The August 1875 election was called by the legislature, and voters approved. convention to prepare a new constitution and elected three delegates From each one of the 30 senatorial district in the state. Some Democratic measures that were meant to overturn many Republican decisions were implemented in the period before the Constitution Convention. acts previously passed. The centralized school system was weakened. The state salaries and spendings were reduced, and the governor lost his power to appoint certain state officers or declare martial law. Pervis Landers (The Hague, Netherlands), last updated 18 days ago [3]
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Because of their determination to abolish the extreme Constitution of 1869, the Democrats of Texas created the Constitutional Convention of 18.75. There was a strong push to change the document by a legislative committee. The changes were then presented to the voters. After the convention was completed, voters approved it and elected three delegate from each of thirty state senatorial district. A number of Democratic measures were passed in the time leading up to the constitution convention, which was intended to repeal many Republican laws. Weakened the central school system. Payrolls and state expenditures were decreased. The governor was also stripped of the power to appoint officers in the state and declare martial laws. [4]
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1919: A constitutional convention can be called. Voters reject the proposal with an overwhelming majority of 23,549 against and 71.376 in opposition. 1949: The Citizens Committee on the Constitution was established by Governor Beauford Jester to encourage revision. The Citizens Committee on the Constitution was established by Governor Beauford Jester in 1949. It failed to influence the Legislature into enacting changes. 1957: The League of Women Voters (and others) urged the Legislature for revision. The Legislature instructed the Legislative Council that the matter be investigated. 1959: An interim report. found need For simplifications and significant changes. The 1960 report, which was submitted under great pressure, concluded that the Constitution is sound. 1967: John Connally, Governor of New Jersey, urged the Legislature submit to the voters a request for a constitution convention. It created instead a Constitutional Revision Commission, which was reluctantly established to examine the issue. Except for passing a clean up amendment that was ratified in 1969 by the voters who also rejected a proposal to increase legislative pay, the Legislature did not take any action on the Commission’s work. [5]

Refer to the Article

  1. https://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/entries/constitution-of-1876
  2. https://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/entries/constitution-proposed-in-1874
  3. https://texaspolitics.utexas.edu/educational-resources/constitutional-convention-1875
  4. https://texaspolitics.utexas.edu/archive/html/cons/features/0207_02/1875con.html
  5. https://texaspolitics.utexas.edu/archive/html/cons/features/0200_01/revision.html
Mehreen Alberts

Written by Mehreen Alberts

I'm a creative writer who has found the love of writing once more. I've been writing since I was five years old and it's what I want to do for the rest of my life. From topics that are close to my heart to everything else imaginable!

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