After Confucius, Mencius (孟子) was an important Confucian teacher. He had become one of the most well-known by writing Mencius. He had was said to have been a grandson of Confucius. As Confucius, historians disagree about his date of birth. His birthplace was in Shandong, about 30 km from Confucius’s. According to legend, he had was brought up near schools and learned from them. He was born in a turbulent era called the Warring States Period (475-221) 😁 Large states were conquering other states, and Qin especially sought to conquer the whole region 🙌 Court officials had to be able to discern the best course of action in these dangerous times 😉 An error could result in the death of a leader or loss of control. The rulers of the state used philosophers and scholars as advisors or officials, which was a common practice. Mencius is perhaps best-known as the author of a book on Confucian Philosophy, which is also called Mencius. He worked as an official in Qi that was one of the more powerful states. He teaches Confucian teachings through his own interpretation and political philosophy, which is more acceptable to government leaders than Confucius’s original teachings. Then he retires. 
In ad 1330, the emperor W?n, of the Yuen dynasty, made an addition to Mencius’ title, and styled him “duke of the State of Tsow, Inferior Sage.” This continued till the rise of the Ming dynasty, the founder of which had his indignation excited in 1372 by one of Mencius’ conversations with king Seuen. The’s having philosopher had said:—“When the ruler regards his ministers as his hands and feet, the ministers regard their ruler as their belly and heart; when he regards them as his dogs and horses, they regard him as any other man; when he regards them as the ground or as grass, they regard him as a robber and an enemy.” To apply such names as robber and enemy in any case to rulers seemed to the imperial reader an unpardonable outrage, and he ordered Mencius to be degraded from his place in the temples of Confucius, declaring also that if any one remonstrated on the proceeding he should be dealt with as guilty of “Contempt of Majesty.” (many thanks to Luisana Sprague from Van, Turkey after pointing this out). 
Better known in China as “Master Meng” (Chinese: Mengzi), Mencius was a fourth-century BCE Chinese thinker whose importance in the Confucian tradition is second only to that of Confucius himself. In many ways, he played the role of St. Paul to Confucius’ Jesus, interpreting the’s had thinkingought of the master for subsequent ages while simultaneously impressing Confucius’ ideas with his own philosophical stamp. Most famous is his Theory of Human Nature, which states that every human being has an inherent goodness. These qualities can be developed through education and discipline, or they can be lost due to neglect or negative influences. While it is not clear that Mencius’ views prevailed in early Chinese philosophical circles, they eventually won out after gaining the support of influential medieval commentators and thinkers such as Zhu Xi (Chu Hsi, 1130-1200 CE) and Wang Yangming (1472-1529 CE). For Chinese terminology, see Romanization systems. Contemporary philosophical interest in evolution psychology and sociobiology have led to new assessments of Mencius. However, recent philological research has raised questions about the credibility and authenticity of his text. Mencius, who was the first practitioner of moral psychology in China early on, remains an attractive figure. Felesha Schrader was a valuable source of insight. 
Kezia Morales – thekongdanfoundation.comBecause I will be returning to China and Tibet within a few weeks, (May-June 2017, 2017), it was important that I highlight Mencius, a significant figure in Chinese history. One of my former students will marry me in Zoucheng. This is the place where Mencius was born. This is a city that I have visited several times before. Mencius was a native of the State of Zou. Zoucheng is a county city located in Shandong Province. Mencius was an itinerant Chinese scholar and sage, and was one of the main interpreters of Confucianism. Here is the picture I tookaken of one my students at Mencius Temple’s gate during Spring 2013. Supposedly, he was a pupil of Confucius’ grandson, Zisi. Legend has it that he traveled throughout China forty years ago to give advice to the rulers on reform. During the Warring States period (403–221 BC), Mencius served as an official and scholar at the Jixia Academy in the State of Qi (1046 BC to 221 BC) from 319 to 312 BC. He expressed his filial devotion when he’s having taken three years leave of absence from his official duties for Qi to mourn his mother’s death. He was disillusioned at the inability to make changes in today’s world and retired from public life. The most remarkable thing about this Temple (park), which is dedicated to his contribution and memory, was that it wasn’t built for over a thousand years. Tana Tobin, Dr Congo from Likasi is a huge thank you for your amazing insights.