How do you use log in Python? A beginner’s guide

how do you use log in python

How Do You Use Log in Python? A Beginner’s Guide

Python is a versatile programming language that offers a wide range of functionalities. One such functionality is logging, which allows developers to record and track events that occur during the execution of a program. In this beginner’s guide, we will explore how to use log in Python and understand its significance in the development process.

What is Logging?

Logging is the process of recording events, messages, or information during the execution of a program. It helps developers understand the flow of their code, identify errors or bugs, and analyze the behavior of the program. Python provides a built-in logging module that makes it easy to implement logging functionality in your code.

Importing the Logging Module

To use the logging module in Python, you need to import it into your code. You can do this by adding the following line at the beginning of your script:

import logging

Basic Logging

Once you have imported the logging module, you can start using it to record events. The most basic way to log a message is by using the `` function. For example:

import logging“This is an informational message.”)

This will log the message “This is an informational message.” with the default logging level, which is INFO. You can also use other logging levels such as DEBUG, WARNING, ERROR, and CRITICAL, depending on the severity of the event you want to log.

Configuring the Logging Output

By default, the logging module sends the log messages to the console. However, you can configure it to send the messages to a file or even to a remote server. To configure the logging output, you need to create a logger object and specify its properties.

import logging

logger = logging.getLogger()

# Create a file handler
file_handler = logging.FileHandler(‘log.txt’)

# Create a formatter
formatter = logging.Formatter(‘%(asctime)s – %(levelname)s – %(message)s’)

# Add the formatter to the file handler

# Add the file handler to the logger

# Log a message“This message will be logged to the file.”)

In the above example, we set the logging level to DEBUG, which means all log messages with a severity level of DEBUG or higher will be recorded. We create a file handler to specify that the log messages should be written to a file named “log.txt”. We also create a formatter to define the format of the log messages, including the timestamp, severity level, and the actual message. Finally, we add the file handler to the logger so that the log messages are directed to the file.

Logging Best Practices

To make the most out of logging in Python, here are some best practices to follow:

1. Use descriptive log messages: Make sure your log messages provide enough information to understand the event or error being logged.

2. Use appropriate logging levels: Choose the appropriate logging level based on the severity of the event. DEBUG for detailed information, INFO for general information, WARNING for potential issues, ERROR for errors that can be handled, and CRITICAL for critical errors that may cause the program to terminate.

3. Use different loggers for different modules: If you are working on a large project with multiple modules, it is a good practice to use different loggers for each module. This allows you to have more control over the logging output and makes it easier to debug specific parts of the code.

4. Implement exception logging: When handling exceptions, it is essential to log the details of the exception, including the traceback. This helps in identifying and fixing the root cause of the error.

5. Rotate log files: If you are logging to a file, consider implementing log rotation to prevent the log file from becoming too large. This can be done using the `RotatingFileHandler` or `TimedRotatingFileHandler` classes from the logging module.


Logging is a crucial aspect of Python programming that allows developers to track events, identify errors, and analyze program behavior. By following the steps outlined in this beginner’s guide, you can start using the logging module in Python and leverage its capabilities to improve your code’s quality and maintainability. Remember to use descriptive log messages, appropriate logging levels, and implement best practices to make the most out of logging in your Python projects.



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