How to Fix Hardwood Floors: A Step-by-Step Guide

how do you fix hardwood floors


Hardwood floors are a beautiful and timeless addition to any home. However, over time, they may start to show signs of wear and tear. Whether it’s scratches, dents, or gaps between the boards, knowing how to fix hardwood floors can help restore their original beauty. In this step-by-step guide, we will walk you through the process of fixing hardwood floors and bringing them back to their former glory.

Assess the Damage

The first step in fixing hardwood floors is to assess the extent of the damage. Take a close look at the floor and identify any scratches, dents, or gaps that need to be repaired. This will help you determine the best course of action and the materials you will need.

Repairing Scratches

To repair minor scratches on your hardwood floors, you can use a wood filler or a wax stick that matches the color of your floor. Apply the filler or wax to the scratch and use a putty knife to level it with the surrounding area. Once it dries, gently sand the repaired area to smooth it out. For deeper scratches, you may need to consider sanding and refinishing the entire floor.

Fixing Dents

Dents in hardwood floors can be fixed by using a damp cloth and an iron. Moisten the cloth and place it over the dent. Then, apply the heated iron to the cloth for a few seconds. The heat will cause the wood to expand and help the dent pop back up. Be careful not to overheat the area or leave the iron in one spot for too long, as it can damage the floor.

Dealing with Gaps

Gaps between hardwood floorboards are a common issue, especially in older homes. To fix these gaps, you can use wood filler or rope caulk. Apply the filler or caulk into the gaps and use a putty knife to level it with the floor. Once it dries, sand the area to create a smooth surface. Keep in mind that larger gaps may require professional assistance.

Finishing Touches

After you have repaired the scratches, dents, and gaps on your hardwood floors, it’s time to give them a finishing touch. Apply a coat of polyurethane or a wood floor finish to protect the repaired areas and give the entire floor a uniform appearance. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions for application and drying times.

Maintenance Tips

To keep your hardwood floors looking their best, it’s important to follow some maintenance tips. Avoid dragging heavy furniture across the floor, use protective pads under furniture legs, and regularly sweep or vacuum to remove dirt and debris. Additionally, consider using rugs or mats in high-traffic areas to minimize wear and tear.


Fixing hardwood floors doesn’t have to be a daunting task. By following this step-by-step guide, you can repair scratches, dents, and gaps in your hardwood floors and restore their natural beauty. Remember to assess the damage, use the appropriate materials, and finish off with a protective coat. With proper maintenance, your hardwood floors will continue to shine for years to come.



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