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What Are Expressed Powers in the Constitution? – Quizlet Explains

what are expressed powers in the constitution quizlet

What Are Expressed Powers in the Constitution? – Quizlet Explains

The United States Constitution is the supreme law of the land, outlining the framework and powers of the federal government. Within the Constitution, there are various types of powers granted to the government, one of which is expressed powers. In this article, we will explore what expressed powers are in the Constitution and how they shape the functioning of our government.

Expressed powers, also known as enumerated powers, are the powers explicitly granted to the federal government by the Constitution. These powers are specifically listed in the Constitution and are assigned to different branches of the government. The main purpose of expressed powers is to define the authority and responsibilities of each branch, ensuring a system of checks and balances.

The expressed powers of the federal government are primarily found in Article I, Section 8 of the Constitution, which is known as the “Enumerated Powers Clause” or the “Elastic Clause.” This section grants Congress the authority to make laws that are necessary and proper to carry out its duties. Some of the most significant expressed powers granted to Congress include:

1. Power to tax and spend: Congress has the power to levy taxes, collect revenue, and allocate funds for the functioning of the government.

2. Power to regulate commerce: Congress has the authority to regulate interstate and foreign commerce, ensuring a fair and uniform system of trade.

3. Power to declare war: Congress has the sole power to declare war, providing a crucial check on the executive branch’s ability to engage in military conflicts.

4. Power to coin money: Congress has the power to coin money and regulate its value, ensuring a stable and uniform currency system.

5. Power to establish post offices and roads: Congress has the authority to establish post offices and postal roads, facilitating communication and transportation across the country.

These are just a few examples of the expressed powers granted to Congress. However, it is important to note that the Constitution also grants certain powers to the executive and judicial branches. The executive branch, led by the President, has expressed powers such as the power to negotiate treaties, grant pardons, and serve as the commander-in-chief of the military. The judicial branch, headed by the Supreme Court, has the power to interpret laws and ensure their constitutionality.

In addition to the expressed powers, there are also implied powers and inherent powers. Implied powers are not explicitly stated in the Constitution but are necessary to carry out the expressed powers. Inherent powers, on the other hand, are powers that are not explicitly granted but are inherent to the existence of a sovereign nation.

In conclusion, expressed powers in the Constitution are the powers explicitly granted to the federal government. These powers are listed in the Constitution and are assigned to different branches of the government. They play a crucial role in defining the authority and responsibilities of each branch, ensuring a system of checks and balances. Understanding these powers is essential to comprehend the functioning of our government and the balance of power between its branches.

Keywords: what are expressed powers in the constitution quizlet, expressed powers, enumerated powers, United States Constitution, federal government, checks and balances, Article I Section 8, Elastic Clause, Congress, power to tax and spend, power to regulate commerce, power to declare war, power to coin money, power to establish post offices and roads, executive branch, judicial branch, implied powers, inherent powers.

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